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Phase 1 Trade Deal Compliance and Trump’s Re-Election Strategy

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Following up on this write up from June 23rd regarding a phase 1 deal, we have revised our probability of a ‘grand announcement’ lower from 70% to 30% based on:

By Greg Presseau of Perennial Capital

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Drawbacks From The Phase 1 Deal

  1. China has made a strong effort to buy US corn and soy, however, low prices are eroding its good will.  Thus, it is difficult for China to reach the aggressive implied targets from the Phase 1 deal.

Phase 1 deal

Corn next marketing year (NMY) purchases in thousand metric tons:

Phase 1 deal

Source: Bloomberg, USDA

Soy NMY purchases in thousand metric tons:

Phase 1 deal

Source: Bloomberg, USDA

  1. China and the US continue to trade tit for tat sanctions on politicians and closure of consulates
  2. Trump is seemingly losing in the polls and he may need to shift gears in Sept/Oct to regain momentum:

Phase 1 deal

Source: Predictit.com

Putting the above together we now have a 70% probability that Trump ratchets up pressure on China.

Phase 1 deal


Ag prices have averaged 25% lower in the Trump tenure vs. the Obama tenure.  In order to keep the farm base, the Trump administration has doled out billions in welfare to farmers as the 1-2 punch of a China trade war and ethanol waivers dented demand.  This has seemingly worked as contacts in the rural Midwest are still indicating strong/moderate support for Trump.

With the rural base intact, Trump may need to reach further to fortify his coalition.  Prior to the coronavirus, manufacturing and construction jobs in the US reached the same levels as the summer of 2008.  Trump could aggressively court American workers by using CISA and boosting manufacturing in the US.  Below is NFP manufacturing and construction jobs combined:

Trump Election

Source: Bloomberg, BLS

The Drop In Manufacturing Jobs

If Trump runs on the above platform, he is taking China head-on on one of its ancillary goals: protecting its own manufacturing jobs. 

In 2000, manufacturing jobs were 7% of total population (not employed people, population).  Currently we are at 5%.  In order to get to 7% of population, the US would need to create 6mm manufacturing jobs.  The decision to onshore can be looked at by using a basic Benefit/Cost Analysis.  While the benefit currently favors offshoring, those benefits are eroding from higher-expected fuel costs from IMO regulation, higher labor costs in China, the increased probability of tariffs, and lastly uncertainty in partnerships with Chinese companies.  On costs, the 30 year yield is at 1.32%...Therefore, for onshoring to take place, the benefits should not exceed the present value of 0.67 (discount factor for 30 year).

Each company will have to assess its own benefit/cost analysis.  However, to get to the NPV of .67, we can apply the ~10% tariffs that Trump introduced last year, wages of Chinese workers rising four fold from 2000 to 2013 and dry freight costs up five-fold from the 2014 lows.  These changes all support onshoring.

With the above in mind, it is not a remote probability that we see an onshoring movement in the coming years.  By our calculations, an onshoring movement creates $2.8T in demand for money as companies seek funds to expand production capacity in the US.

This demand for funds would have a major impact on our price models.  Below is a summary of price model targets in 2021:

Trump Election

Notice that the biggest changes are in interest rates and gold.  This makes sense as we would expect the higher demand for money to soak up the excess M2 that’s been printed.  It should be noted, however, that longer term, once that money has been borrowed and put to work, the multiplier effect should expand the ~2.5-3.5T in stimulus to 25-35T in the money supply.  That certainly would piledrive rates lower and gold higher.  (we have short output on the two year treasury futures today fwiw).

The above probabilities are a moving target and we should get more info after this weekend where Lighthizer and Liu will meet to discuss trade progress.