This Fast Growing Small Cap Monthly Dividend REIT Has A 7.3% Dividend Yield

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This Fast Growing Small Cap Monthly Dividend REIT Has A 7.3% Dividend Yield by Dirk S. Leach, Sure Dividend

Today’s market is tough.

Bond yields were already at historic lows which pushed traditional utility stock valuations to historic highs.

Other income oriented equities like preferred shares and large REITs have also seen their share prices pushed up by lower for longer interest rates.

In today’s market, it is getting very difficult to find high quality conservative investments with a yield above 4% and even more difficult to find a monthly dividend paying investment above 4%.  What is an income investor to do?

One answer is to look for smaller, well managed, fast growing companies that are focused on returning a healthy share of their earnings to their shareholders.  This article highlights one such company, Whitestone REIT (WSR).

Readers of some of my earlier articles will note that I published on Sure Dividend a series of articles on monthly dividend paying REITs that started with “The Best Monthly Dividend Stocks“.  I didn’t cover WSR in that article because this small cap retail REIT had been flying under my radar.  Now that I’m aware of WSR, it is time to take a long hard look at this relative newcomer to the group.

When selecting a REIT for investment, it is important to look at the dividend yield through a qualitative (versus strictly quantitative) lens looking at the underlying risk adjusted performance to ensure the overall metrics such as the balance sheet, diversification, earnings growth, and payout ratios support continued growth of the REIT and its dividend.

Consistent with this approach, the investment thesis for WSR is presented in the following paragraphs and charts.

Whitestone REIT (WSR) In Focus

WSR is a fully integrated real estate investment trust that owns, operates and redevelops community centered properties. The company focuses on value creation in its community centers, concentrating on local service-oriented tenants.

Its diversified tenant base provides service offerings including medical, education, casual dining, and convenience services. The company was founded on August 20, 1998 as a non-publicly traded REIT headquartered in Houston, TX.  WSR went public on August 25, 2010 and is approaching 6 years of successful operation as a publicly traded REIT.

As of the end of June 2016, WSR had a market capitalization of $420 million and owned 69 properties encompassing 5.9M square feet with an average annualized base rent (ABR) of $16.05 serving 1470 tenants.

WSR maintains a strong shareholder focus with the intent to manage their properties in the best interest of the company and its shareholders.  WSR has focused its growth in the fast growing sunbelt cities of Phoenix, Houston, Dallas-Fort Worth, Austin, and San Antonio.  The figure below shows the population growth in the areas where WSR maintains its focus.

Source: WSR Website

Not only does WSR focus on fast growing regions, they also focus their investments towards fast growing communities and neighborhoods within those regions.

The charts below show the local growth and income metrics for the local areas and neighborhoods where WSR focuses its property investments compared to its peers.

Whitestone REIT, Dividend Yield, Dividend REIT

Source: WSR Website

In addition to focusing on higher per capita locales with higher forecasted growth in household income, WSR is selective in the properties it acquires.  The chart below summarizes the property acquisition and review process that WSR utilizes.

Whitestone REIT, Dividend Yield, Dividend REIT

Source: WSR Website

The four charts above show, in summary, that WSR is targeting the sweet spots in the faster growing regions of the country and has a disciplined approach to property acquisition.

This approach should provide WSR with continued growth in rents, occupancy rates, and acquired properties which should result in continued growth in funds from operations (FFO) and dividend payments.

WSR & Retail REIT Risk

I’ve written and commented previously that I don’t invest in mall REITs or in general retail anchored REITs because of the general headwinds from e-commerce.  It is becoming easier every day to simply pop open your favorite search engine and find whatever it is you want at very competitive prices on the internet.  I find myself shopping on the internet more and more and I’m one of the older generation.  I can imagine that younger generations use the internet even more than I do.

As a result of my dislike for traditional brick and mortar retail as investments, I have a high bar set for investing in retail based REITs.  WSR’s management has recognized the risk that e-commerce poses to traditional brick and mortar retail and they have developed and implemented a strategy to minimize that risk.

WRS is selective in the tenants it chooses for its properties.  Those tenants are heavily weighted with service providers like UPS, banks, insurance, and medicine, as well as restaurants and specialty retail (drug stores, auto parts, coffee shops).

While this approach will not completely insulate WSR tenants from the e-commerce headwinds, it definitely mitigates the impact.  When was the last time you ordered a double shot latte over the internet?

The graphics below show WSR’s approach to tenant selection.

Whitestone REIT, Dividend Yield, Dividend REIT

Source: WSR Website

As shown in the two figures above, WSR focuses on service providers to reduce the risk of losing tenants due to competition from e-commerce firms.

To a lesser extent, WSR’s strategy will also serve to mitigate the impact that a recession would have on its tenant base.  While reduction in discretionary spending during recessions typically impacts restaurant revenue, the impacts on bank, insurance, health care, and drug store revenue is significantly less. This makes the company fairly recession resistant.

I am impressed with WSR’s recognition of the e-commerce threat and their strategy to mitigate that threat.  Let’s take a look at WSR’s recent performance.

How Has Whitestone REIT Performed?

Since it went public in 2010, WSR has performed well growing its revenue, net operating income (NOI), and funds from operations (FFO).

The chart below shows WSR has grown its financial metrics by 30% or more per year since 2010.  Readers will note that the FFO/share has only grown 10% per year due to the dilutive effective of issuing more shares to fund property acquisitions.

For those readers not familiar with how REITs operate, issuing additional shares is a common practice to raise additional growth capital.  As long as the REIT deploys that capital smartly and the acquisitions are accretive, the REIT also grows its FFO/share after dilution as is the case with WSR.

Whitestone REIT, Dividend Yield, Dividend REIT

Source: WSR Website

WSR’s early performance is impressive.  Not many companies can grow NOI and FFO at 30%+ per year.  We can take a closer look at the growth in WSR’s financial metrics in the chart below.

Whitestone REIT, Dividend Yield, Dividend REIT

Source: WSR Website

The above charts shows that WSR has successfully grown its key financial metrics every year since the beginning of 2011, its first full year of operations.  Readers will note that the Gross Assets chart above is not annualized for 2016 and only reports asset growth through 1Q2016.

WSR, as most equity REITS, does not tip its hand on acquisition plans going forward but we can expect additional asset growth in 2Q2016 through 4Q2016.  It is clear that WSR has been growing by property acquisition but, in addition to acquisitions, WSR has also been increasing shareholder value through internal growth.

Whitestone REIT, Dividend Yield, Dividend REIT

Source: WSR Website

The chart above shows that WSR has been successful at growing same store (SS) NOI at 4.2% annually for the last 2.25 years.

While 4.2% doesn’t seem like a lot at first blush, SS NOI growth through higher occupancy rates and ABR increases doesn’t require much in the way of additional G&A costs, and therefore, the increase drops nicely to the bottom line.

WSR’s diligence in growing its assets and financials has translated into healthy dividend distributions to shareholders.  The next chart shows total dividend distributions paid out versus FFO.

Whitestone REIT, Dividend Yield, Dividend REIT

Source: WSR Website

It is important to fully understand the chart above.  The yellow bars represent the total cash outlay in dividends to shareholders and the growth of the yellow bars over time represents the growth in the number of shares.

WSR has paid out a constant $0.095 dividend per month since its IPO which translates into an annual yield of 7.28% based on Friday’s closing share price of $15.67.  The rising blue shaded area represents WSR’s growth in FFO.  From the chart we also see that dividends paid out in 2011 and 2012 exceeded FFO (dividend payout ratio greater than 1.0).  WSR’s dividends paid out were about equal to FFO in 2013 (dividend payout ratio equal to 1.0) and starting in 2014, FFO fully covered the dividend payments with room to spare (dividend payout ratio less than 1.0).  The 1Q2016 financial report shows WSR with a FFO dividend payout ratio of 0.81 (81%).

Expected Future Dividend Growth

When a REIT goes public, it can choose to payout a dividend rate that it can fully afford (payout ratio less than 1.0) or it can choose a dividend rate that it can grow into.  Clearly, WSR chose the latter option and has now grown into the dividend it has been paying out for the last 5 years.  So, what can investors expect going forward?

My crystal ball is still cloudy but it is a little less cloudy with WSR based on my experience with another REIT in a very similar situation.

Physicians Realty Trust (DOC) is an equity REIT specializing in healthcare properties.  DOC went public in 2013 and, like WSR, chose to pay a dividend rate that it could not fully cover with FFO at the time of its IPO.

Like WSR, DOC has steadily grown it’s revenue, NOI, and FFO.  Like WSR, DOC has grown into its dividend rate and its FFO now fully covers its dividend with a current FFO payout ratio of 0.94 (94%).  While there is no guarantee, it is expected that DOC will provide its first dividend/share increase to shareholders in 2017.

I fully expect WSR will follow the same course as DOC and, barring a new economic recession, WSR will begin raising the dividend paid on a per share basis.

But, even if WSR does begin to raise its dividend, is WSR undervalued and investable at its current share price of $15.67?

Is Whitestone REIT Undervalued Today?

I’ve laid out above WSR’s past performance but we also need to investigate the company’s current valuation to see if we would be getting a fair or maybe even a good deal.

WSR is currently priced at about $15.67 per share and it has a 52 week high of $15.71 and a low of $9.44 so it is very close to its high for the year.  The recent release of the June Federal Open Market Committee meeting minutes and the loose monetary policy and the Brexit vote have all pushed the price of WSR and many of its peers up as investors run from higher risk equities to lower risk equities.  But what about WSR’s valuation relative to its peers.

Whitestone REIT, Dividend Yield, Dividend REIT

Source:  Author

As seen in the chart above, WSR’s dividend yield is significantly higher than any of its peers at 7.3%.  When we compare WSR’s Price/FFO (the REIT equivalent of P/E) with that of its peers, we see that WSR’s Price/FFO of 11.3 is significantly lower than its peers.

On an absolute scale, a Price/FFO of 11.3 is pretty cheap.  Of the seven analysts that follow WSR, 4 rate it as a BUY, 1 rates it as OUTPERFORM, and 2 rate it as a HOLD with a consensus fair value of $16.25 per share.  So, my take on this is that WSR is cheap relative to its peers but because it is newer and smaller than its peers, the analysts covering WSR believe it is close to being fairly valued.

What Are The Potential Risks Of An Investment in Whitestone REIT?

I believe the potential risks of an investment in WSR are relatively low.

One area of potential exposure for WSR is carrying a not insignificant number of tenants with no credit rating.  Some of the larger tenants (e.g. UPS, US Bank) have investment grade credit ratings but many of WSR’s smaller tenants do not.  This potential risk is partially mitigated by the strategy WSR has implemented in focusing their property investments in the growth and income sweet spots of the south and southwest.

The second risk would be a general economic slump or recession in the US.  An economic downturn would negatively impact WSR’s tenants and therefore WSR’s revenue and earnings.  I’m not expecting to see a recession or significant economic downturn in the US.  My expectation is for more of the same low interest rate and slow grow environment that we have had over the last few years.  The recent Brexit vote, I believe, pretty much guarantees loose monetary policy in the EU and the US for the foreseeable future.  With interest rates lower for longer, I view the probability of a recession in the US as very low.

The third potential risk is WSR’s debt load.  WSR currently has a manageable but significant debt load resulting from borrowings to support their growth investments.  The chart below is instructive for understanding WSR’s current debt load and what management intends to do over the next couple of years to address that debt load.

Whitestone REIT, Dividend Yield, Dividend REIT

Source: WSR Website

Currently WSR’s Debt/EBITDA is 8.6x.  This is rather on the high side.  I generally consider a Debt/EBITDA ratio less than 8 to be OK and greater than 8 to be high.  WSR is a wee bit over 8.

The good news is twofold.  First, management has clearly recognized that WSR’s debt is high and management believes that they can lower that debt through same store growth and higher occupancy.

Secondly, despite the high Debt/EBITDA ratio, WSR’s interest rate coverage is very good with a EBITDA/Interest Expense ratio of 3.1.  A ratio of 3.1 indicates that WSR currently has more than sufficient earnings to cover their interest expense.

Wrapping It All Up

WSR is a fast growing small cap retail REIT that focuses its property investments in high growth areas with above average family incomes and above average income growth and pays monthly dividends.

Since its IPO in 2010, it has performed very well.  The current dividend is a generous 7.28% with a FFO payout ratio of 81%.  Risks of an investment in WSR are reasonably low and WSR’s debt, while a little on the high side, is quite manageable with their healthy interest coverage ratio.

I’m definitely sold on investing in WSR but I’d like to get my entry point at a price under $15 to give me a little margin under their 52 week high.  Hopefully, the market will cooperate and give me that $15 price point.

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