Will China Tolerate Higher Inflation on Energy Prices?

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Will China Tolerate Higher Inflation on Energy Prices?

How does inflation impact energy markets? Is it of any importance to them? If you’ve ever asked yourself these questions, I’m here to answer them all.

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Inflation in Brief

Inflation

Consumer Price Index (CPI), Producer Price Index (PPI), etc.

To measure US inflation rates, we currently use the Consumer Price Index (CPI), which tracks a basket of consumer goods and services that involves food prices & energy prices.

Is underlying inflation really high or has it peaked? Well, it’s difficult to say, as some indicators may contradict each other on that matter…

Inflation

Tuesday’s CPI report showed the traditional core Consumer Price Index staying at an elevated level of +4.3% year-on-year, according to the Bloomberg survey.

In the case of China’s consumer inflation, it remained generally stable in August, while factory-gate prices registered expansion largely due to the increasing commodity prices: the Chinese CPI rose 0.8% year-on-year in August, a bit lower than 1% in July. The Producer Price Index (PPI) went up 9.5% over the same period in August, so a little faster than 9% in July.

Inflation

On the U.S. side, the PPI rose +8.3% year-on-year in August (versus estimates at +8.2%) while the Core PPI progressed +6.7% over the same period. It’s higher than the expected +6.6%, but it rose at a slower pace compared to the last month’s increase. Actually, this slowdown in progression might be seen as inflationary pressures being moderated at the moment.

Inflation

What Impact Does It Have From the Energy Perspective?

Yesterday, we saw that oil prices had fallen due to the announcement that China was using its strategic oil reserves. The Chinese announcement mentioned that millions of barrels were put up for sale in July, according to Bloomberg, which quoted an anonymous government source. In fact, China, as the leading importer of crude, seeks to fight against rising energy prices, signaling that the economic giant will not tolerate too high inflation. However, oil prices rebounded quickly into the same support zone ($67.53-67.94) that we had projected (Fig.1) with the prospect of dwindling reserves in the US, which is the world's largest consumer.

Moreover, even if we know that China has decided to sell a part of its strategic reserves to limit the pressure of rising raw material prices on industrial production, there is still no information on the amount of oil that is going to be put on the market.

Inflation

Figure 1 – WTI Crude Oil (CLV21) Futures (October contract, daily)

Today, oil prices rose again – back to yesterday morning’s levels – and the market is turning more optimistic on China-US relations after a phone call between US President Joe Biden and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping. Indeed, that phone call had the same effect on the oil market as it had on other assets because any signal that Sino-US relations are improving is seen as positive for global trade and therefore for global financial markets.

On the geopolitical scene, we also noticed that Libya aspires to produce two million barrels of oil per day from 2022, which may indeed sustain the supply.

In summary, we can highlight that China has limited tolerance for the impact of higher inflation on the energy prices - and this is perfectly understandable from the perspective of the leading importer of crude oil. Inflation is certainly an important indicator to keep an eye on in the forthcoming weeks, particularly for anyone interested in energy prices.

Have a nice weekend!

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Thank you.

Sebastien Bischeri

Oil & Gas Trading Strategist


The information above represents analyses and opinions of Sebastien Bischeri, & Sunshine Profits' associates only. As such, it may prove wrong and be subject to change without notice. At the time of writing, we base our opinions and analyses on facts and data sourced from respective essays and their authors. Although formed on top of careful research and reputably accurate sources, Sebastien Bischeri and his associates cannot guarantee the reported data's accuracy and thoroughness. The opinions published above neither recommend nor offer any securities transaction. Mr. Bischeri is not a Registered Securities Advisor. By reading Sebastien Bischeri’s reports you fully agree that he will not be held responsible or liable for any decisions you make regarding any information provided in these reports. Investing, trading and speculation in any financial markets may involve high risk of loss. Sebastien Bischeri, Sunshine Profits' employees, affiliates as well as their family members may have a short or long position in any securities, including those mentioned in any of the reports or essays, and may make additional purchases and/or sales of those securities without notice.

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