Carl Icahn Long CVR Refining – Slides
- Mr. Icahn believes that the current environment continues to be conducive to activism
–Several factors are responsible for this:
1)low interest rates, which make acquisitions much less costly and therefore much more attractive,
2)abundance of cash rich companies that would benefit from making synergistic acquisitions, and
3)the current awareness by many institutional investors that the prevalence of mediocre top management and non-caring boards at many of America’s companies must be dealt with if we are ever going to end high unemployment and be able to compete in world markets
–But an activist catalyst is often needed to make an acquisition happen
–We, at IEP, have spent years engaging in the activist model and believe it is the catalyst needed to drive highly accretive M&A and consolidation activity
–As a corollary, low interest rates will greatly increase the ability of the companies IEP controls to make judicious, friendly or not so friendly, acquisitions using our activist expertise
- Proven track record of delivering superior returns
- IEP total stock return of 1,104%(1) since January 1, 2000
–S&P 500, Dow Jones Industrial and Russell 2000 indices returns of approximately 77%, 106% and 168% respectively over the same period
- Icahn Investment Funds performance since inception in November 2004
–Total return of approximately 221%(2) and compounded average annual return of approximately 11%(2)
–Returns of 33.3%, 15.2%, 34.5%, 20.2%(3), 30.8%, (7.4%) and (2.8%) in 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014 and 2015(4) respectively
- Recent Financial Results
–Adjusted Net Loss attributable to Icahn Enterprises of $66 million(5) for the nine months ended September 30, 2015
–Indicative Net Asset Value of approximately $7.1 billion as of September 30, 2015
–Adjusted EBITDA attributable to Icahn Enterprises of approximately $0.9 billion for the last twelve months ended September 30, 2015
- $6.00 annual distribution (9.0% yield as of September 30, 2015)
The Icahn Strategy
Across all of our businesses, our success is based on a simple formula: we seek to find undervalued companies in the Graham & Dodd tradition, a methodology for valuing stocks that primarily looks for deeply depressed prices. However, while the typical Graham & Dodd value investor purchases undervalued securities and waits for results, we often become actively involved in the companies we target. That activity may involve a broad range of approaches, from influencing the management of a target to take steps to improve shareholder value, to acquiring a controlling interest or outright ownership of the target company in order to implement changes that we believe are required to improve its business, and then operating and expanding that business. This activism has brought about very strong returns over the years.
Today, we are a diversified holding company owning subsidiaries engaged in the following operating businesses: Investment, Automotive, Energy, Metals, Railcar, Gaming, Food Packaging, Real Estate, Mining and Home Fashion. Through our Investment segment, as of September 30, 2015, we have significant positions in various investments, which include Apple Inc. (AAPL), Cheniere Energy, Inc. (LNG), Chesapeake Energy (CHK), Freeport-McMoRan Inc. (FCX), Gannett Co., Inc. (GCI), Herbalife Ltd. (HLF), Hertz Global Holdings, Inc. (HTZ), Hologic Inc. (HOLX), Nuance Communications, Inc. (NUAN), Navistar International Corp. (NAV), PayPal Holdings, Inc. (PYPL), Tegna Inc. (TGNA), Transocean Ltd. (RIG), Mentor Graphics Corporation (MENT), Manitowoc Company Inc. (MTW) and Seventy Seven Energy Inc. (SSE).
Several of our operating businesses started out as investment positions in debt or equity securities, held either directly by our Investment segment or Mr. Icahn. Those positions ultimately resulted in control or complete ownership of the target company. In 2012, we acquired a controlling interest in CVR Energy, Inc. (‘‘CVR’’) which started out as a position in our Investment segment and is now an operating subsidiary that comprises our Energy segment. As of September 30, 2015, based on the closing sale price of CVR stock and distributions since we acquired control, we had a gain of approximately $2.3 billion on our purchase of CVR. The acquisition of CVR, like our other operating subsidiaries, reflects our opportunistic approach to value creation, through which returns may be obtained by, among other things, promoting change through minority positions at targeted companies in our Investment segment or by acquiring control of those target companies that we believe we could run more profitably ourselves.
In 2000, we began to expand our business beyond our traditional real estate activities, and to fully embrace our activist strategy. On January 1, 2000, the closing sale price of our depositary units was $7.625 per depositary unit. On September 30, 2015, our depositary units closed at $67.02 per depositary unit, representing an increase of approximately 1,104% since January 1, 2000 (including reinvestment of distributions into additional depositary units and taking into account in-kind distributions of depositary units). Comparatively, the S&P 500, Dow Jones Industrial and Russell 2000 indices increased approximately 77%, 106% and 168%, respectively, over the same period (including reinvestment of distributions into those indices).
During the next several years, we see a favorable opportunity to follow an activist strategy that centers on the purchase of target stock and the subsequent removal of any barriers that might interfere with a friendly purchase offer from a strong buyer. Alternatively, in appropriate circumstances, we or our subsidiaries may become the buyer of target companies, adding them to our portfolio of operating subsidiaries, thereby expanding our operations through such opportunistic acquisitions. We believe that the companies that we target for our activist activities are undervalued for many reasons, often including inept management. Unfortunately for the individual investor, in particular, and the economy, in general, many poor management teams are often unaccountable and very difficult to remove.
Unlike the individual investor, we have the wherewithal to purchase companies that we feel we can operate more effectively than incumbent management. In addition, through our Investment segment, we are in a position to pursue our activist strategy by purchasing stock or debt positions and trying to promulgate change through a variety of activist approaches, ranging from speaking and negotiating with the board and CEO to proxy fights, tender offers and taking control. We work diligently to enhance value for all shareholders and we believe that the best way to do this is to make underperforming management teams and boards accountable or to replace them.
The Chairman of the Board of our general partner, Carl C. Icahn, has been an activist investor since 1980. Mr. Icahn believes that the current environment continues to be conducive to activism. Many major companies have substantial amounts of cash. We believe that they are hoarding cash, rather than spending it, because they do not believe investments in their business will translate to earnings.
We believe that one of the best ways for many cash-rich companies to achieve increased earnings is to use their large amounts of excess cash, together with advantageous borrowing opportunities, to purchase other companies in their industries and take advantage of the meaningful synergies that could result. In our opinion, the CEOs and Boards of Directors of undervalued companies that would be acquisition targets are the major road blocks to this logical use of assets to increase value, because we believe those CEOs and boards are not willing to give up their power and perquisites, even if they have done a poor job in administering the companies they have been running. In addition, acquirers are often unwilling to undertake the arduous task of launching a hostile campaign. This is