The number of cryptocurrency hedge funds explodes. Last updated 08/08/2017
“Bitcoin’s meteoric rise is costing some investors billions” claimed a recent Business Insider article, citing data provided by the financial analytics firm S3 Partners.
According to S3, investors betting against the shares of Nvidia and Advanced Micro Devices, which make chips used to mine bitcoin, have lost a combined $1.8 billion this year. Carlson Capital’s $1 billion Black Diamond Thematic fund is one of the funds that has reported significant losses thanks to bitcoin. According to Business Insider’s report, the fund lost 14.2% through July, and blamed bitcoin for this hit.
However, while some hedge funds are suffering from betting against bitcoin, bitcoin-focused hedge funds are knocking it out the park as demand for the cryptocurrency has sent the price to record highs.
As I reported at the end of June, according to hedge fund analysis firm Eurekahedge, over the 46-month period from end-June 2013, the Eurekahedge Crypto-Currency Fund Index returned a cumulative of 2152.32%. On an annualized basis, this came to 125.35% for actively managed cryptocurrency strategies, outperforming the Bitcoin Price Index by 103%.
Investors’ have rushed to try and profit from this.
Number of new cryptocurrency hedge funds balloons to 70
At the end of June, the Eurekahedge Crypto-Currency Fund Index tracked the performance of only five actively managed ‘Alternative-Coin’ cryptocurrency Hedge Funds that carry exposure to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and other cryptocurrencies. By the beginning of July, at least 15 new hedge funds, following similar guidelines, were in the pipeline all looking to capitalize on the explosion in interest of cryptocurrencies.
And the cryptocurrency boom has only grown further in recent weeks. There are now an estimated 70 such funds in the pipeline according to information from various accounting and law firms. For example, accounting firm Arthur Bell is reportedly working with about 15 fund managers in the field and expects to take on 20 more. Meanwhile, law firm Cole-Frieman & Mallon and fund administrator MG Stover & Co have 17, and 25 cryptocurrency projects under development.
Our series on Cryptocurrency Hedge Funds hedge funds continues below. Updated: July 13.
A surge in initial coin offerings has become a byproduct of the recent spike in demand for cryptocurrencies. Initial coin offerings or ICOs for short, are in the words of Forbes contributor Laura Shin, “what you get if bitcoin and Kickstarter had a baby.” These products are a crowd sale of a new crypto asset.
Between May 1 and July 9 such projects have raised over $1.2 billion worth of capital in ICOs. Even though these products may have some attractive characteristics, the recent boom has exposed investors to over inflated expectations at a time when the cryptocurrency universe is still in its relative infancy.
- How Can You Buy Bitcoin In A Rush
- The July Ethereum Price Crash And The August Fork
- Could You Live 90 Days On Bitcoin?
Still, these concerns haven’t stopped cryptocurrency investors and speculators making huge returns. Forbes reports that ICOs for Ethereum, IOTA, Stratis and Spectrecoin produced gains of 82,000%, 56,000%, 44,000% and 21,000% respectively.
15 new cryptocurrency hedge funds set for launch
With such enormous profits to be made, it’s no surprise that Wall Street is trying to get in on the action. Cryptocurrency focused hedge funds have outperformed their traditional peers this year, and while the universe of such funds is currently limited, there are 15 new crypto hedge funds in the pipeline looking to capitalize on industry growth.
The two most high-profile of these 15 new funds are Pantera Capital’s ICO Fund and Brian Kelly Capital Management. The latter was founded by Brian Kelly, a money manager, CNBC Fast Money commentator and author of The Bitcoin Big Bang. The official opening date was July 1 with a goal of reaching $50 million in assets under management. The BKCM Digital Asset Fund will employ a three-pronged strategy: buy-and-hold for about 50% of the tokens, ICOs for 20% and the rest will be actively managed.
Pantera Capital was founded by Tiger Management alum Dan Morehead and launched its first US digital asset fund in 2013. Fundraising for the new ICO launch closes July 31 with an estimated $100 million the fund will purchase tokens via pre-sales through SAFTs (simple agreement for future tokens).
The newest fund with the largest ambitions has to be Tim Enneking’s Crypto Asset Fund. Launched in June with initial assets of $10 million, the fund is targeting $400 million in assets under management. Enneking and team are planning to target cryptocurrencies across the spectrum from those with a market capitalization of more than $200 million to the “dead” coins with zero trading volume.
Jun 21, 2017, @ 12:21: Cryptocurrency Hedge Funds are a real thing and doing well but watch out as correlation is high to the bitcoin price index and the newly created Crypto-currency fund index
No matter how exotic the asset, if there are profits to be made you can be sure Wall Street will find some way of getting in on the action. That’s exactly what has happened with Bitcoin and the rest of the cryptocurrency space.
The size of the cryptocurrency market has exploded during 2017 with the market reaching a total size of $100 billion on June 9 and rising to $113 billion this week. Bitcoin, which is possibly the most talked cryptocurrency accounts for 37.8% of this market and together with another currency Ethereum has a market capitalization of $77.6 billion.
While Bitcoin grabs the headlines, Ethereum, which attempts to address some of the technical shortcomings of Bitcoin, has been gaining value at an even faster rate. Ethereum may be a better substitute to Bitcoin for blockchain. According to Morgan Stanley’s analysts’ Bitcoin scales poorly due to increasing electricity consumption and long transaction times that can often take 10 minutes to more than an hour, and even that with no guarantee. Ethereum and others have tried to address those scaling challenges by centralizing more of the blockchain function, but increased centralization could also lead to increased hacking risk.
Cryptocurrency hedge funds generate huge returns as bitcoin price surges
To bet on a further increase in value of these cryptocurrencies, last year former Coinbase employee Olaf Carlson-Wee raised $10 million to fund Polychain Capital, a hedge fund made up of cryptocurrencies such as Bitcoin. The fund managed to secure seed funding from none other than Andreessen Horowitz among others.
Polychain might be the latest cryptocurrency hedge fund, but it certainly isn’t the first. Pantera Capital and three other firms have been offering cryptocurrency hedge funds for quite some time, and hedge fund data firm Eurekahedge has been running and alternate Crypto-Currency Fund Index since 2013.
The Eurekahedge Crypto-Currency Fund Index tracks the performance of five actively managed ‘Alternative-Coin’ cryptocurrency Hedge Funds that carry exposure to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and other cryptocurrencies. Like traditional hedge funds, these funds employ a range of strategies seeking to maximize upside while minimizing the downside. Since inception, the performance of this index has left traditional hedge funds trailing, and returns have even eclipsed those of the vanilla Bitcoin price index. According to Eurekahedge’s latest report:
“Over the 46-month period shown below starting as of end-June 2013, the Eurekahedge Crypto-Currency Fund Index has returned a cumulative of 2152.32% in contrast to a return of 1408.11% for the Bitcoin Price Index. On an annualized basis, this comes to 125.35% for actively managed cryptocurrency strategies versus 102.96% for the Bitcoin Price Index.”
Even those these returns might seem appealing; the index is “massively volatile” with annualized standard deviation for the Eurekahedge Crypto-Currency Fund Index coming in at 213.11% making it one of the most volatile strategies tracked by the data provider.
Unsurprisingly, with an annualized return of 125.35%, Eurekahedge notes that “cryptocurrency hedge funds have outperformed the average global hedge fund, traditional FX hedge fund strategies, the MSCI ACWI and the S&P GS Precious Metals Index over all periods.” The index’s constituents also appear to provide a less volatile way to bet on the success of cryptocurrencies than just buying Bitcoin or Ethereum, although the level of volatility is off the chart. The report notes, “over a period of 14 months between December 2013 and January 2015, the Eurekahedge Crypto-Currency Fund Index lost almost 73% of its value from its 2013 high. In contrast, the Bitcoin Price Index lost almost 81% of its value.”
Like bitcoin price and popularity, Cryptocurrency hedge funds are new, uncertain and volatile and correlated to Crypto-currency fund index
It’s the volatility of Bitcoin and its peers that’s holding back further adoption according to Morgan Stanley. According to a recent report from the bank on the topic of Bitcoin, cryptocurrencies, and blockchain, while merchants are attracted to the opportunities cryptocurrencies might offer, they generally “find that the cryptocurrencies are far too volatile to be used.”
Still, these concerns have not stopped the recent appreciation in value of these currency alternatives. It is not clear why cryptocurrencies are appreciating so rapidly, but Morgan’s analysts speculate that there are three possible reasons behind the gains, all of which are based on increased demand as buyers rapidly warm to the opportunities these instruments provide.
In conjunction with our FX Strategy team we identify several key potential contributors:
- ICOs—initial currency offerings. Rapid appreciation of cryptocurrencies is encouraging speculative formation of new currencies. Many of these new currencies don’t actually have use cases yet, but are intended to be exchange mediums for everything from virtual goods in games to banking mechanisms for products like marijuana where legal implications are not yet fully clear. ICOs are funded with existing cryptocurrencies, hence driving an appreciation circle—e.g., to support/invest in a new currency, one must buy and trade an existing cryptocurrency.
- Moving funds in China. Up until the last few days, a disproportionate share of Bitcoin mining was taking place in China (where there is cheap access to servers and cheap electricity). Numerous press sources including The Wall Street Journal (November 5, 2016) and Fortune (January 5, 2017) commented on the possibility that Bitcoin was being used to help avoid monetary controls in China, which may help explain why the Chinese government has cracked down on Bitcoin mining recently.
- Increased demand from Korea and Japan. Bitcoin appreciation seems to have been heavily driven in recent months by increased buying from Korea and Japan. In Japan, the recent legalization of Bitcoin has led to an increase in activity, including the recent opening of new Bitcoin exchanges. In Korea, however, there is not a clear explanation for the surge.