Following on from the 3 key takeaways from Seth Klarman’s 2013 letter, here’s a little throwback to 2008 and what it can teach you about investing.

The 2008 wasn’t just a market crumble. There are so many lessons you have to keep in mind.

But I’ve got Seth Klarman to thank again.

You would think that the best and brightest minds on Wall Street would avoid such a catastrophe, but nope. Many institutions got hammered and very few even knew what was coming.

Maybe a few predicted the crash but no one knew when it was going to happen.

Right now, it’s impossible to tell when the next market crash is occur, but it doesn’t hurt to look at past lessons as a reminder or what could happen.

So, in view of the 2008 financial crisis, here are 20 lessons to take from Seth Klarman on the 2008 crash. See if you can apply it to recent events.

20 Lessons from Seth Klarman on What the 2008 Crash can Teach You

Seth Klarman 2008 Lessons

Lesson #1: Expect the Unexpected

The classic “expect the unexpected” is true for the market. Take measures to prepare for the worst because the market reality can be worse that what you imagined. Nassim Taleb popularized the term “black swan” based on rare and hard to predict events happening. But it does happen.

Lesson #2: Too Much of a Good Thing

Watch out when there is too much of a good thing. Markets constantly rising? Loans available to anyone? Interest rates constantly hovering near zero? This environment creates a false sense of security and when things fall back to the mean, it will trigger a crisis.

Lesson #3: Control Risk First

Don’t try to milk the last drop from your investments. Always consider risk and downside first over potential returns. When entering a crisis, you have to make your positioning conservative and be able to pounce on new opportunities while others are forced to sell.

Lesson #4: Paying Less is Less Risky

Risk comes from the price you paid for the stock. It isn’t uncertainty or volatility. When there is great uncertainty and it drives prices down, you buy with less risk.

Lessons #5: Financial Risk Models are Useless

Market risk models done by computers are a waste of time. Reality is impossible to model. Human logic based on actual and real time facts is more accurate than boxed formulas and numbers.

Lesson #6: Don’t Invest for Short Term Gains

Don’t be tempted to invest for short term gain simply to earn something off cash that’s doing nothing. This is a higher risk strategy which increases the likelihood of losses and illiquidity precisely when the cash is needed.

Lesson #7: Stock Price is Not an Indicator

The stock price is not the fair value of a stock. People mistake that the stock market is completely efficient. During good and bad times, the stock price is not an indicator.

Lesson #8: Expand Your Circle of Competence

When a crisis hits, your investment approach has to be flexible. Don’t get too stuck on one method because opportunities can come in many different ways. If your investment approach is too rigid, start to expand your circle of competence.

Lessons #9: Buy When Prices Go Down

Buy when the price is going down. Volume is higher, there is less competition. It’s better to be too early than too late. Don’t be afraid to buy things on sale.

Lesson #10: New Financial Products are Not For Your Benefit

Be wary of new financial products. They are always created in times of exuberance and never questioned. The sub prime loans were the rage as institutions only saw the upside. Then it got killed.

Lesson #11: Rating Agencies are Useless

Ratings agencies are useless and always a step late. What’s the point in lowering or increasing a rating after it’s happened?

Lesson #12: Illiquid Stocks Come at a Price

Illiquid stocks will cause high opportunity costs. Make sure you are compensated for that illiquidity.

Lesson #13: Public Investments Still Rock

All things being equal, public investments are better than private ones. During a crisis, you have a better change to average down with public investments over private ones.

Lesson #14: Debt is Evil

Stay away from all forms of leverage. Don’t assume a maturing loan can be rolled over since you have no idea what the capital markets will do.

Lesson #15: LBOs Are Disasters Waiting to Happen

LBOs (Leveraged BuyOuts) are stupid man made disasters. If the price paid is too high the equity portion is an out of the money call option.

Lesson #16: Financial Stocks are Risky

Financial stocks are very risky. For example banks are highly leveraged, very competitive and difficult to run businesses. Unless you have deep experience and knowledge of the industry, invest in safer industries that you understand.

Lesson #17: Long Term Clients is Key to an Investment Fund’s Success

If you manage funds, having clients with a long term orientated mindset is crucial. You don’t want investors pulling out their money during a crisis.

Lesson #18: Government Officials Don’t Know Anything

When a government official says that a problem has been “contained”, it’s a contrarian signal. Pay no attention.

Lesson #19: The Government is the Ultimate Short Term Trader

The government is the ultimate short term oriented player. It will do anything to quickly ease the pain with band aid patches on the economy or financial markets without thinking about the implications. If the pain can be deferred to the future, the government will take on huge amounts of risk to do so.

Lesson #20: No One Cares About You More than Yourself

No one is going to take responsibility for the crisis so you have to look out for yourself and manage your risk well. Why? Because no one will take responsibility for making you lose money.

And Today…

History may not repeat, but it sings a nice rhyme.

It’s been more than 5 years since the last crash but mostly everything is still applicable today. I’m no Debbie Downer, but remember to focus on the risks and downside regardless what type of market we are in.

This post was first published at old school value.
You can read the original blog post here 20 Lessons the 2008 Crash Can Teach You About Investing.