The Revenue Streams of the Five Largest Tech Companies
The Chart of the Week is a weekly Visual Capitalist feature on Fridays.
Last year, we published a chart showing that tech companies have displaced traditional blue chip companies like Exxon Mobil and Walmart as the most valuable companies in the world.
Last year was a banner year for hedge funds in general, as the industry attracted $31 billion worth of net inflows, according to data from HFM. That total included a challenging fourth quarter, in which investors pulled more than $23 billion from hedge funds. HFM reported $12 billion in inflows for the first quarter following Read More
Here are the latest market valuations for those same five companies:
|Rank||Company||Market Cap (Billions, as of May 11, 2017)||Primary Revenue Driver|
Together, they are worth $2.9 trillion in market capitalization – and they combined in FY2016 for revenues of $555 billion with a $94 billion bottom line.
Bringing Home the Bacon?
Despite all being at the top of the stock market food chain, the companies are at very different stages.
In 2016, Apple experienced its first annual revenue decline since 2001, but the company brought home a profit equal to that of all other four companies combined.
On the other hand, Amazon is becoming a revenue machine with very little margin, while Facebook generates 5x more profit despite far smaller top line numbers.
|Company||2016 Revenue (Billions)||2016 Net Income (Billions)||Margin|
How The Tech Giants Make Their Billions
Each of these companies is pretty unique in how they generate revenue, though there is some overlap:
- Facebook and Alphabet each make the vast majority of their revenues from advertising (97% and 88%, respectively)
- Apple makes 63% of their revenue from the iPhone, and another 21% coming from the iPad and Mac lines
- Amazon makes 90% from its “Product” and “Media” categories, and 9% from AWS
- Microsoft is diverse: Office (28%), servers (22%), Xbox (11%), Windows (9%), ads (7%), Surface (5%), and other (18%)
Lastly, for fun, what if we added all these companies’ revenues together, and categorized them by source?
|Category||2016 Revenue (Millions)||% Total||Description|
|Hardware||$197,020||36%||iPhone, iPad, Mac, Xbox, Surface|
|Online Retail||$122,205||22%||Amazon (Product and Media Categories)|
|Advertising||$112,366||20%||Google, Facebook, YouTube, Bing ads|
|Cloud/Server||$31,396||6%||AWS, Microsoft Server, Azure|
|Other||$60,177||11%||Consulting, other services (iTunes, Google Play), etc.|
Note: this isn’t perfect. As an example, Amazon’s fast-growing advertising business gets lumped into their “Other” category.
Article by Jeff Desjardins, Visual Capitalist