GitHub is one of the world’s largest code repositories. It has a community of about 40 million developers who collaborate and share code for their projects. Microsoft-owned GitHub indicates what programming languages are popular in the tech community. The platform releases an annual The State of Octoverse report, which sheds light on the popular and emerging programming languages. Here we take a look at the top 10 most popular programming languages, according to GitHub’s 2019 The State of Octoverse report.
Microsoft purchased GitHub for $7.5 billion last year to attract more developers onto its cloud and other platforms. If you are a beginner to the world of computer programming, you might be wondering where to start or which language to master to excel in your career. This list is a great place to start.
Created by Yukihiro Matsumoto in the mid-1990s, Ruby is one of the world’s most popular programming languages. It’s an open-source language known for its ease of use. Ruby can be used to swiftly create web applications. Many of the world’s most popular technology companies including Twitter, GitHub, Shopify, and Airbnb are built on Ruby.
Shell jumped up the ranking this year. The language is widely used by the IT departments. Programmers use it to create commands such as file manipulation and program execution. You can use it to automate common processes.
C++ has its roots in C. It has played a pivotal role in the advancement of modern programming. It has been used to build operating systems, web browsers, and other applications. Even though the language was created about four decades ago, it remains in high demand because of its reliability, performance, and the wide range of contexts it can be used in.
C-sharp or C# was developed by Microsoft. It’s flexible, powerful, and has a rich set of libraries that speed up compilation and execution. C# uses the Dot Net and Xamarin frameworks for building games, mobile applications, and enterprise software. C# is similar to Java, though its creator Anders Hejlsberg says the language is closer to C++ than Java.
PHP is the fourth most popular programming language in the world. PHP stands for PHP Hypertext Preprocessor. It’s a general-purpose, server-side scripting language used primarily for web development. PHP is used by several popular platforms including Facebook, even though developers have often criticized it.
Developed by Sun Microsystems (which is now owned by Oracle) in 1995, Java has become immensely popular among developers. The open-source language is recognized for portability and scalability. It offers top-notch security, backward compatibility, strong memory management, and high performance. Java is used in web development, big data, mobile application, and system programming.
Python has outranked Java to become the second-most popular programming language on GitHub. It has been growing rapidly in terms of popularity. Python is increasingly used in machine learning, data science, biomedical research, and artificial intelligence applications. It offers extensive support for modules, and has a GUI-based application for desktops. Python also enables easy integration with web services.