Do Pakistan And China Really Need India In CPEC?

U.S. CPECBy Government of Pakistan [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons

Tensions between Pakistan and China on one side and India on the other are rising, as Islamabad and Beijing keep launching more segments of the joint China-Pakistan Economic Corridor project. But can Pakistan and India resolve their differences well enough for India to join CPEC? And do Islamabad and Beijing even need India in their multi-billion dollar project?


India, which has been an outspoken critic of CPEC and claims control of a crucial territory for part of the project, recently warned China to respect its sovereignty. A day later, China responded to the warning, defending its project with Pakistan.

On Tuesday, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi implicitly accused China and Pakistan’s CPEC of “overriding [the] sovereignty” of other nations. Less than 24 hours later, Beijing responded to the accusation by saying that CPEC isn’t aimed at India, nor does it reflect China’s position on Kashmir, which finds itself in the middle of brutal territorial disputes between Pakistan and India.

India has several problems with CPEC, its criticism comes in part because Beijing is building an economic corridor through the disputed Kashmir region, which New Delhi claims to be part of its territory.

China and Pakistan inviting India to join CPEC

But still, calls from Pakistani and Chinese officials for India to join CPEC are coming more and more frequently. As India continues to take an anti-CPEC stance, many analysts say it would be beneficial for the entire region if the South Asian nation would join the multi-billion dollar project.

Still, India is refusing to join the 60 countries that have endorsed the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, although it shouldn’t be ruled out. In fact, by joining CPEC, India would not only benefit economically, but it could also allow Pakistan and India to ultimately reach a peace accord on the Kashmir issue.

Last month, Pakistani Lieutenant General Aamir Riaz of the Southern Command formally asked India to join CPEC, an open project that aims to promote long-term regional development and peace. Two days later, the Chinese Foreign Ministry released a statement querying whether New Delhi would accept the good will offer from Pakistan to become part of the $46 billion project.

In early December, The Times of India published an interview with the Hurriyat leader from Kashmir. He said the disputed region could be a gateway to India joining CPEC. Mirwaiz Farooq added that “in terms of larger economic activity, everybody wants to be part of the CPEC.”

Late last month, the Global Times, which serves as the mouthpiece for the ruling Communist Party of China, argued that India should join CPEC “to ease tensions with Pakistan and boost growth.”

“New Delhi should consider accepting the olive branch Pakistan has extended in a bid to participate in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor,” the Global Times wrote.

India showing interest in CPEC

It looks like all sides of the conflict – Pakistan, China and Kashmir – are interested in India joining the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. But New Delhi to this day remains unwilling to join the project.

However, India is starting to show some signs of willingness to cooperate. Earlier this week, India’s prime minister was optimistic about the future of relations between New Delhi and Beijing. PM Narendra Modi insisted that it was “not unnatural for two large neighboring powers to have some differences.”

While India has yet to make peace with Pakistan and resolve the Kashmir issue, New Delhi is apparently showing some signs of interest in future cooperation with Beijing, which could ultimately result in joining CPEC.

“For the differences and problems we are clear that we will remain in touch with India and properly manage these differences and resolve them through friendly consultation,” China’s Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying said on Wednesday.

Can Russia convince India to join CPEC?

If China and Pakistan don’t have enough influence over India to join CPEC, Russia might. Russia has been an inseparable part of speculations about the future of CPEC, while many argue that China and Pakistan are eager to see Russia become part of the project.

Russia, with its strategic partnership with India that goes back decades, could appease India and help bring it onboard with the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor. In fact, some experts argue that the real reason China wants Russia to become part of CPEC is because it has big influence over India.

Since neither China nor Pakistan has good relations with India, they could use Russia’s help to make peace with New Delhi. Although Russia has strengthened ties with Pakistan, its Cold War-era enemy, recently, it still shares warm ties with India. Even though Russia has lately been focused on getting closer to China and Pakistan, it still has enough influence over India to broker a peace accord between New Delhi and Islamabad, a move that would save the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor.

Why it’s a good idea for India to join CPEC

For now, India opposes CPEC for a number of reasons. In particular, New Delhi has four major problems with the project: (1) the fact that the conditions and rules of CPEC are decided bilaterally between Pakistan and China, (2) the fact that CPEC passes through the disputed Kashmir territory, (3) India believes CPEC would promote terrorism in Kashmir, which it claims its own territory, and (4) India believes China will use Gwadar Port for its own military purposes.

In reality, there is no evidence to back up claim number that CPEC would promote terrorism in Kashmir. On the contrary, terrorism is a threat to the project, and both the Pakistanis and Chinese agree on this. There’s also no evidence for number four, that China is planning to use Gwadar Port for its naval purposes. In fact, Gwadar is a purely commercial project, and Beijing has never requested access to use the port for any kind of military purposes.

While the prospects of India joining the project remain unclear, all players in the region, including Pakistan, China and India itself, would benefit from the country’s involvement in the project, in part because it would ultimately lower tensions between Pakistan and India and help resolve the long-standing Kashmir issue.

For exclusive info on hedge funds and the latest news from value investing world at only a few dollars a month check out ValueWalk Premium right here.

Multiple people interested? Check out our new corporate plan right here (We are currently offering a major discount)

About the Author

Polina Tikhonova
Polina Tikhonova is a writer, journalist and a certified translator. Over the past 7 years, she has worked for a wide variety of top European, American, Russian, and Ukrainian media outlets. Polina holds a Master's Degree in English Philology from the University of Oxford and a Bachelor's Degree in Journalism from the Saint Petersburg State University. Her articles and news reports have been published by many newspapers, magazines, journals, blogs and online media sources across the globe. Polina is fluent in English, German, Ukrainian and Russian.

11 Comments on "Do Pakistan And China Really Need India In CPEC?"

  1. Free Tibet and all Muslims must kill chinese. As an Indian Muslim we must get back our Gilgit and Baltistan part of Kashmir from Paki pigs. We must had killed all 90000Paki army men surrender to us in 1971 war.

  2. Let me repeat and ask what the author tried asking, but did not answer – ‘ Why it’s a good idea for India to join CPEC?”

    To me it looks that CPEC (although a different route through POK connecting to Kashmir and then Jammu) is just a cheaper way for China to dump cheaper products from its Western provinces into India. The silver lining for India may be to access Central Asian republics for exporting Indian goods.

    Unless there is a clear benefit for India, India should oppose CPEC.

  3. Pakistan and China are inviting India to CPEC so that India stops behaving like a mental and frustrated call girl

  4. Lets wait and watch how Trump strategy evolves.
    Pakistan (Osmastan) will destroy China sooner then u expect.

  5. Every single time an Indian says these sentences: “India is or will become a superpower” it makes me chuckle and when I can’t control the humor in this, I burst out laughing. Do you really think you Indian hooligans are necessary for CPEC or anything for that matter? It’s a good thing you’re out of the project – more fun for others who’ve joined. You can watch in jealousy while you take a dump in the Ganga-river, because of your disproportionate population to public facilities ratio, hence lack of basic needs for your people. Pakistan still a far better nation than India, by tenfold.

  6. Why do we Indians need CPEC???? Any reason you have????

    China need India more than India need China because China because you sell all 3rd cl@ss product. China gains $ 55 billion surplus from business with India. If China stop business..we will be extremely…our Industries will gain more…honestly we don’t want cheap Chinese products…but China dump it as we are bound by WTO agreement. If China stop business with India our GDP will increase from current 7.5% to above 10%, so kindly ask your Chinese govt to stop business with India. like your Pakistani friend you are just an dumb ass hole!!

    China’s economy is downward now. Whatever GDP rate China shows it’s manipulated because all know your GDP is raised by Credit support, resulting in huge bad dept in your banking system. Just wait see…China’s economy will fall soon. Moreover, China made lot of enemy all around with their 3rd class behaviour, so once your economy goes slow, everybody will piss on your face!

  7. Hahahaha..May be Pakistanis live on a different planet!!

  8. India funded and armed Tamil tigers who killed thousands of people in Sri Lank.India is training terrorists in Afghanistan and sending them to China and Pakistan.On top of this India has killed 90000 Kashmiris through state terrorism.India is definetly terrorist country only difference is India terrorism is directed at region countries and not the west.

  9. Agree because India is a small economy compare to China. India’s country gdp is less than 20% of China’s. India takes both Pakistan and China as enemies.

    So, India must be excluded and ask India to join with its friendly countries like Australia, Japan and USA which are over thousands of miles away. India is not a team player and at odds with ALL of its neighbour countries big or small.

  10. Know your history correctly first, then open your hole! China can claim that 60 country support CPEC, but why investors would waste money in a terrorist country where there is no talent???

  11. India should be kept out of CPEC at all costs.India will only disrupt and damage this project.India has not accepted Pakistan’s right to exist as an independent state.It has attacked Pakistan four times in it history ,there will no change in its policy regarding Pakistan.

Leave a comment

Your email address will not be published.