2016 Sustainability Benchmark: Indonesian Palm Oil Growers – PT Bakrie Sumatera Plantations


As reported by Chain Reaction Research and written by Albert ten Kate (Aidenvironment), Gabriel Thoumi, CFA, FRM (Climate Advisers) and Eric Wakker (Aidenvironment), Bakrie Sumatera Plantations (UNSP) is part of the Bakrie Group, whose business interests span oil and gas, mining, agribusiness, telecommunications, metals and infrastructure. As of Q3 2016, the public held 75 percent of the UNSP’s shares. UNSP’s business covers oil palm plantations, rubber plantations and oleochemical lines of business. In October 2016, UNSP announced a reverse stock split, likely at a 10-to-1 ratio. The director in charge of finance spoke of “the first step in our financial restructuring to reduce the company’s financial burden.” The company has been losing money since 2012.

As of Q3 2016 UNSP had an oil palm planted area of 51,600 ha (excluding plasma smallholders) in North Sumatra, West Sumatra, Jambi and South Kalimantan.

Sustainability Policy and Recent Practices

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UNSP does not have a public No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation (NDPE) policy.

  • 2015 oil palm revenue: IDR 1,500 billion
  • 2015 CPO-production: 192,000 tons
  • Sustainability policy and recent practices: moderate risk
  • 2016 No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation (NDPE) CPO buyers: Wilmar, Musim Mas
  • 2016 NDPE buyers percent revenue: 55%
  • Since 2015, no apparent changes in land-use policies to mitigate risks

UNSP is a member of the RSPO. As of mid-2016, two of its five palm oil mills were RSPO certified. The company aims to have a third mill certified soon, as the assessment started in June 2015. UNSP has stated that it aims to achieve 100 percent RSPO-certification for its own operations by 2016, which does not seem feasible. However, it is likely that this target will be met before 2020. The company has never submitted any New Planting proposals to the RSPO and the public, yet likely it did not start clearing and planting oil palm in new concessions.

The company has not expanded its planted area in 2015 and 2016. There have been no recent practices of deforestation and the opening of peatlands.

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Gabriel Thoumi, CFA, FRM works as Director Capital Markets at Climate Advisers where he manages global financial analytics focusing on mitigating systemic climate risk while advising on “greening” capital markets. He has 18 years of experience managing and deploying frameworks to improve global capital markets sustainability through risk mitigation and return enhancement. Previously, for Calvert Investment Management, he valued global equity, index, and fixed income portfolios and their component positions in the utilities, energy, materials, chemicals, and financial sectors. He worked on quantitative index construction and asset allocation strategies. He engaged Fortune 500 CEOs on approaches to mitigating climate risk using financial risk management tools. He led initiatives to improve financial accounting of exchange-listed products and incorporated natural capital into financial tools. He has also worked at Morgan Stanley's carbon offset company, Wells Fargo Capital Management, and American Express. He is an adjunct at John Hopkins University.

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