House Ways & Means Committee Chairman Dave Camp spoke with Bloomberg TV’s Peter Cook today about his proposed overhaul of the federal tax code and its expected impact on U.S. economic growth and employment.
Camp told Bloomberg TV: “frankly many and most financial institutions are going to do better under this plan than they do now. And you know why they’re going to do better? Because the economy’s going to grow.”
Dave Camp: We’re Simplifying Taxes to Grow the Economy
MATT MILLER: House Ways & Means Chairman Dave Camp has stirred up a hornet’s nest in Washington. The Michigan Republican unveiled a plan to overhaul the entire US tax code, dramatically reducing rates for businesses and individuals. The tradeoff? He also does away with a long list of popular tax breaks for special interest groups. That’s got Camp under fire from all directions. Chief Washington correspondent Peter Cook is standing by with the chairman on Capitol Hill. Peter?
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PETER COOK: Matt, thanks very much. I’m joined with the man with the tax plan. House Ways & Means Chairman Dave Camp joining me now. And appreciate you taking this time out. And I got to ask you, you had to know putting this plan out in a midterm election year you’d get fire from all sides. You’re getting it. Why’d you do this? Is this a kamikaze mission?
REP. Dave Camp (R-MI): No. Look, our economy isn’t growing. I’m not going to accept 2 percent growth as the new normal. I’m not going to accept a minimum wage economy, and I’m not going to accept the fact that we’re not creating jobs. Kids are living at home because they can’t get out on their own. So we need to grow this economy. We need to create jobs. One way to do that is through pro-growth tax reform. Also, we need to be the party of ideas. We need to move issues forward. And this is a big one that could help – help people, help jobs and really make America a much better place.
COOK: The big picture here for this plan, you’ve reduced the number of tax brackets from three, two, depending how you to look at, from seven. You also reduce the top rate both for the corporate side and for the individual side, yet you do away with a lot of these tax breaks or at least limit them, ones on the books right now. You’ve got industry folks, you’ve got Republicans and some Democrats taking aim at you over some of those changes. Are you ready for that?
Dave Camp: Look, we have a lot of Republicans and Democrats supporting the fact that we’re moving forward on this. The top rate in the ’80s in America for business was the lowest in the world. Now we have the highest corporate tax rate in the world. So we go from 35 to 25. And you’re right. Ninety-nine percent of taxpayers will be at 25 percent or less. I considered 99 percent an A when I was in school. So look, we’re moving forward. And to do that, what we do is there are tradeoffs. We reform our tax code, do away with a lot of complexity.
We get rid of 228 provisions, reduce the code by 25 percent. Ninety-five percent of Americans will not be itemizing. That’s many small business owners as well. And so because we simplify and because we lower rates, we actually grow the economy by 20 percent. And if we can get 20 percent growth in the economy, that also translates into almost 2 million jobs. And look, jobs and the economy, that’s the number-one issue facing Americans. And Americans want us to do something about it. So this draft proposal is one way to do something about it, and it’s pro-growth reform.
COOK: And it’s also a sure way to get tax lobbyists in this town running all over the city trying to undermine your efforts. You’ve got individual industries here taking aim. Let me talk about one specific in your plan. This tax on the largest financial institutions in the country. Sounds an awful lot like what the president proposed after the financial crisis, the financial crisis tax. Tell me the justification for targeting an individual industry like this.
DAVID CAMP: I think it affects about six banks, but the – the thing is financial —
COOK: Four or five insurance companies as well.
Dave Camp: But look, they are going from a 35 percent rate to a 25 percent rate. And the financial sector there aren’t a lot of provisions, loopholes, et cetera, to close because there aren’t many. So they’re getting a tremendous tax break, and I think it’s important there be a tradeoff. In order to pay for and have revenue neutral tax reform, if you’re going to lower rates by that much – and frankly many and most financial institutions are going to do better under this plan than they do now. And you know why they’re going to do better? Because the economy’s going to grow. The nonpartisan Joint Committee on Taxation says we’re going to get growth. And if we get growth, everybody does better. As President Kennedy said, a rising tide lifts all boats.
COOK: Eleven banking trade associations, even the smaller guys who aren’t hit by this, joining together saying this is a bad idea. You’re going after lenders.
Dave Camp: If 11 groups are against this, I’m doing okay. Look, this bill has broad support. And you know what? Let’s see what the American people have to say about it. People are hungering for jobs. Businesses are hungering for a simpler, flatter code. We cannot compete internationally because we have an outdated international tax system. We reformed that. We actually allow those dollars to be brought back from overseas to be invested here in the United States. Some of that investment’s going to be in infrastructure. So there are a lot of good things in this tax reform bill. But look, no bill is perfect. That’s why it’s a discussion draft. We’re open to hearing from people. We started walking through the tax code today with Republicans and Democrats on the Ways & Means Committee and we’re going to move forward on this.
COOK: The idea of diverting some of that money for infrastructure, some of the overseas income that would be coming back, that’s again an idea the president has put forward on the table. You also have higher taxes here. The surtax on the wealthiest Americans. It sounds an awful lot like some of what we’ve heard from President Obama. Was that a conscientious effort on your part to try and draw in the administration and Democrats? Are you becoming a populist like President Obama?
Dave Camp: Look, I don’t think infrastructure investment is necessarily a Democrat issue. A lot of Republicans want to see the Highest Trust Fund get funded. And if we can fund the Highest Trust Fund as we do for a few years, that allows us to look at some permanent solutions. Because the gas tax is not providing enough. Look, we don’t raise the gas tax. We don’t ask Americans to contribute more. This is from dollars that are earned overseas that come back and invest it in infrastructure. That’s not exactly what President Obama was suggesting.
Also, in terms of financial institutions, we’re quite different than what President Obama was suggesting as well there. But look, what is important is we need to have this debate. Most Americans I talk to, business leaders and others, say times aren’t good enough. And you know what the concern is? They don’t think things are going to get better. What we need to do is really restore the American dream, restore the belief that things are going to get better.
If we can begin to grow the economy, begin to create jobs, look, we increase incomes for median income families by $1,300 each and every year. Median incomes have been declining. And if incomes go up, people buy houses. They buy cars. Businesses grow. So this is very important that we have the discussion. It’s very important we move ahead. That’s why I introduced not just part of it but a detailed draft so we know what the tradeoffs of.
COOK: I know how much effort you’ve put into this over the last couple months, last couple years. This is 900 pages. There are as far as I can tell not very many people in the last couple years, last couple of decades have offered up a detailed plan like this, yet now you have your – your fellow House speaker, you’ve got House Republicans have not committed to actually bring this to the floor for a vote. Are you disappointed that you don’t have a firm commitment yet to bring this to the floor?
Dave Camp: Look, I worked on welfare reform, one of the most positive pieces of legislation. It was vetoed twice by the president. Everybody said it was dead. It passed. It’s actually been a very big positive effect in terms of bringing people to independence and taking children out of poverty. Look, we need to be persistent around here. Most Americans think things – think things are not good enough.
We need to try to make things better. This is an attempt to do that. We need to be engaged in the big issues of the day, growing the economy, creating jobs, and have specific proposals to do that are what the American people sent us here to do. They didn’t send us here to warm a chair. So we need to try to make a difference. This is one way to do it and I’m really excited about moving ahead on it.
COOK: What would you say to your fellow House Republicans who say, listen Dave, I might support a lot of these ideas in here, but you’re asking me to – someone in my home district in this election year is going to ask me, do you support Dave Camp’s plan or not? That’s going to be a tough decision for a lot of those folks. You’ve put them on the spot.
Dave Camp: Look, it’s February. We’re supposed to do nothing until the election? I think most people sent us here to work for two years. That’s what the term is. We need to work those entire two years. And look, there’s a lot of support from members of Congress, Republicans and Democrats. There’s a lot of good things in this bill for the American people in terms of growth, higher incomes. And if we can do those things, simplifying the code as well, we have – we’re ahead of where we are now. And that’s what people want to do.
COOK: (Inaudible) administration yet? Are they on board?
Dave Camp: I have. Look, the White House put out a statement that I think is very much – they want to work with us. I’ve spoken to the secretary of the treasury. We had treasury secretary’s staff people in the meeting today that we went through with the committee. They’re cooperating with us. We’re working through the technical aspects of this bill. Look, this thing is moving forward and we’re doing all the work in order to make that happen.
COOK: Well you are a brave man to put this out here in this midterm election year. Dave Camp, we know how much effort you put into it. Thanks very much for the time for joining us here on Bloomberg.