by Jeffrey Miller, Partner, Eight Bridges Capital Management
May 15th, 2016
Don’t worry about a thing,
‘Cause every little thing gonna be all right
Bob Marley, Three Little Birds
The past few weeks have given us a steady parade of top investors speaking at conferences. From the highly entertaining panel at Milken featuring Steve Cohen, Cliff Asness and Neil Chriss (see the whole discussion here), to the somewhat disappointing Ira Sohn conference to the recently concluded SALT extravaganza, we’ve gotten a hit parade of downbeat hedge fund managers lamenting the fate of their chosen profession (full disclosure: I’m a hedge fund manager too). Apparently, managing money is hard. Especially when you get too big to be flexible. Why this is new news isn’t clear to me, but apparently it’s a bit of a surprise to all those who allocated money to the top 10 or 20 funds. Size is the enemy of performance. Any manager who tells you differently is either a fool or lying. Not sure either is good. But smaller managers who remain flexible in their net exposures and can move in and out of positions without moving the markets should still be able to perform well over a full cycle. And I think we’re getting near the end of the bull run in this one.
At SALT, Leon Cooperman said he wasn’t sure it was worthwhile managing outside money anymore. At Sohn, Stanley Druckenmiller said to get out of all equities. I feel like I’m experiencing a weird sense of de ja vu. Because these same guys were saying the same things in late 1999 and early 2000. Also back then, Julian Robertson famously gave up fighting the internet bubble and threw in the towel on managing money (a terrible bet on US Air didn’t help things either). At that time, the market was doing irrational things for longer than the hedge fund community could take it. Sound familiar? It does to me. And then the bubble burst, hedged strategies proved their worth, and hedge funds that were positioned defensively enjoyed a great 5 year run. I know we did – we had great performance in 2000, 2001 and 2002, while the “market” struggled. I think we’re heading for a repeat performance. The overall market is due for a steep fall, but managers positioned properly can make good money both long and short in the next few years. So don’t worry about a thing.
Real long-short hedge funds, not the highly-concentrated private-equity-like things that folks like ….. run, will do well in coming years. Long-short funds have had a tough run, and the press is full of stories about the pension plans run by California and New York City pulling out billions of dollars because the performance hasn’t been good lately. To me, these large pension plans are the perfect contra-indicators. The U.S. stock market is sitting right under its all time high, and now the pension plans want to go bigger in long-only index funds? Wow, it is late 1999 all over again. Hedging doesn’t look so good when the market goes up for 6 years. But how good will indexing look when the market is flat-to-down for 5 years or more? Not so good. And then I bet that these same sheep, ah, pension funds, will come running back to chase performance in hedge funds again. Probably at a market bottom.
Rise up this mornin’,
Smiled with the risin’ sun,
Three little birds
Pitch by my doorstep
Singin’ sweet songs
Of melodies pure and true,
Sayin’, “This is my message to you-ou-ou “
Bob Marley, Three Little Birds
Why do I think that the stock market in the U.S. is heading for a fall? There are a number of reasons, none of which on their own will tip it over, but which in combination will make it harder for the market to continue its rise. So here is my message to you:
Stock and bond valuations are both very high. On a number of metrics, we’ve almost never been higher. And when were stocks higher? 1929, and early 2000. If growth was strong, earnings were going higher for most sectors, and rates were benign, then we’d have some room to move up in the markets despite the high-valuations. But growth isn’t strong (revenue growth is hard to find – just look at the retailers this past week), earnings are down year-over-year, and rates are just weird. Every time the Fed mentions raising them, the markets throws a fit. Not a good setup when rates are too low for the financial markets to effectively allocate capital and the banking system to function well. Rates should be higher in the U.S. (and around the world), but the Fed is afraid of its own shadow, so it does nothing, as we’ve discussed many times before.
Geopolitics are not great. The Middle East is a mess, but this somehow has moved from the front pages despite “issues” in Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Lebanon, Egypt, Libya, etc. Oh, and the refugee crisis — it’s still ongoing, in case you forgot. Europe is facing a crisis in its banking system, its political union, and its economy, all without the will to jump-start their economies through infrastructure spending and labor reforms. It is a slow motion train wreck, and won’t get better any time soon.
And then there is China. Forget about its militarization of the seas around it, and the personality cult that Xi is creating around himself. Now we have The People’s Daily, the mouthpiece paper of the ruling Communist Party, publishing a piece on May 9th quoting a leading party official who is warning of significant problems, including a bubble in real estate, industrial overcapacity, rising debt and non-performing loans, among other issues. We have been harping on these issues in China for a long-time, as have others, such as Kyle Bass and George Soros. So to see the official paper actually admit that these issues are real and a problem for growth there going forward was quite shocking, since up to now the government has resolutely stated that “there is nothing to see here.” Well, apparently now there is. Pay attention.
Here in the U.S. things are getting weird too. We have the bizarre story from last week about how the Obama administration played the media for fools in order to get his Iran deal passed. It’s a crazy read. Then we have the ongoing circus around the nominations for both parties. Sanders keeps winning, but Clinton doesn’t seem to notice. So now Sanders is threatening a contested convention on the Democratic side, in addition to the potential for fireworks at the Republican convention (while the other candidates besides Trump have “suspended” their campaigns, there is still the strong likelihood of a failed first ballot and then chaos on the second). This should be interesting.
Which would all be fine if stocks were cheap and the biggest companies were doing well. But they aren’t. For example, Apple continues to fall apart. As we wrote back on November 3rd, 2015, when the stock was at $122.57 (self-congratulations: it hasn’t traded higher since then), Apple faces a host of issues, from its declining sales for its iPhones to its