Dear fellow investors,
While the designs and lifestyles around us are changing, the human experience is constant. We are born, we age, we meet many people (including for most our spouse(s)), we procreate, and we die. This chain has not been broken for 10,000 years! While this seems so simple on its face, many confuse their experience for something more unique. In academia, some may term this ‘chronological snobbery’. In the investment business, we call it financial euphoria. The number one cause of stock market failure!
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They know that overstaying the festivities – that is, continuing to speculate in companies that have gigantic valuations relative to the cash they are likely to generate in the future – will eventually bring on pumpkins and mice. But they nevertheless hate to miss a single minute of what is one helluva party. Therefore, the giddy participants all plan to leave just seconds before midnight. There’s a problem, though: They are dancing in a room in which the clocks have no hands.
Financial Euphoria In The Stock Market
This is how Buffett described the experience that he witnessed in the 2000 Berkshire Hathaway Annual Letter, the last major episode of financial euphoria in the stock market and the S&P 500. These all seemed unique at the time. In 2000, the experience was that the internet was going to change our lives. Oddly enough, this was true, but it was not unique for the individuals that believed it. It was shared by all that lived at that time and going forward.
What was unique about the investors in 2000 was their excitement. UBS noted then that their clients expected double-digit returns going forward in stocks. Again, it felt truly unique.
To understand today’s sentiment, let’s start with the individual investors from the American Association of Individual Investors (AAII) sentiment survey. Below is where these numbers were most recently reported.
This entire bull market has been marked by retail investors, noted by the AAII survey, not being bullish. Rather, they have been continually bearish. In some ways, their bearishness has been the jet fuel of this great move in equities over the last 11 years. These investors are more than two-to-one bullish as a group.
A note for those who care, I kid in our offices about the survey’s relevance today compared to 20 years ago. The survey’s members are baby boomers, so it is hard to draw a cross-section of investors from this survey. We do not believe this ruins its contrarian usefulness, as these are risk-averse people clamoring for risk for the first time in a long time!
Now that we’ve covered the retail portion of “giddy participants,” let’s move to the professionals. Investors Intelligence produces the Advisors Sentiment which tracks newsletter writers based on bulls, correction and bears. The November 11, 2020 report stated, “The bulls jumped to 59.2%…bears to 19.4%.” The correction crowd was at 21.4%. This survey focuses in on the bull-bear spread, which came to 39.8%. The survey notes caution above 40% for this ratio. The nasty correction the market had in late 2018 started with the bull-bear spread at 43.2%. This sentiment isn’t at an extreme, but well within areas that cause problems for “giddy participants.”
Further on professionals, the freshly published BAML fund manager survey tracking the managers from November 6th through 12th showed investor optimism among its participants. “Cash holdings plunged to the lowest level since April 2015, while economic growth expectations jumped to a 20-year high.” The Bloomberg article that covered the release tip-toed Buffett’s words that, “they nevertheless hate to miss a single minute” when it reported that, “With the S&P 500 hitting a record high, fund managers face a moment of reckoning whether it’s worth taking profit or staying invested for potentially even more returns.” You can almost hear the Wall Street infomercial saying, “but wait, there’s more.”
As though this cocktail isn’t good enough between the retail and professional investors, let’s look at what the real wealth creators are doing: the insiders.
Insiders are dumping their holdings in large proportion to buyers. As you can see in the footnote below the chart, a greater than 20-to-1 ratio is not good for stocks.
As an example in our portfolio, to see the CEO of Pfizer (PFE) selling a large block of stock when the value of medicine has never been greater and the prospects of their reorganization look compelling, we must raise an eyebrow and think deeply about what is going on around us.
As Buffett said, this looks like “one helluva party” with the individual investors, professional investors and insiders all joining in the fun. As a former fraternity member in college, the best parties were always when you couldn’t find anyone missing. It wreaks of that today in the stock market. Much like college parties, things are beginning to not make sense. The BAML fund manager survey noted how bullish investors were on the stock market, and they also noted they were bullish on the economy. Yet, they wanted to be long tech and short financials. The strong economy helps the banks and not the stock market or technology. Things are getting late in the evening and the dangerous part is that investors are “dancing in a room in which the clocks have no hands.” For an older generation, Free Bird (Lynyrd Skynyrd), the last song of the night, may begin playing shortly and all the air-guitar band members will show their faces. Beware of stock market failure my friends!
Cole Smead, CFA
The information contained in this missive represents Smead Capital Management’s opinions, and should not be construed as personalized or individualized investment advice and are subject to change. Past performance is no guarantee of future results. Cole Smead, CFA, President and Portfolio Manager, wrote this article. It should not be assumed that investing in any securities mentioned above will or will not be profitable. Portfolio composition is subject to change at any time and references to specific securities, industries and sectors in this letter are not recommendations to purchase or sell any particular security. Current and future portfolio holdings are subject to risk. In preparing this document, SCM has relied upon and assumed, without independent verification, the accuracy and completeness of all information available from public sources. A list of all recommendations made by Smead Capital Management within the past twelve-month period is available upon request.
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