Margin Of Safety by Investment Master Class

“Confronted with a challenge to distil the secret of sound investment into three words, we venture the motto, Margin of Safety” Ben Graham

“In the final chapter of the ‘Intelligent Investor’ Ben Graham forcefully rejected the dagger thesis; “Confronted with a challenge to distill the secret of sound investment into three words, we venture the motto,  Margin of Safety.” Forty two years after reading that, I still think those are the right three words.” Warren Buffett

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Margin of safety - Seth Klarman

Margin of Safety

"The idea of a  Margin of Safety, a Graham precept, will never be obsolete" Charlie Munger

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"The three most important words in investing -- "margin of safety" and the four most dangerous -- "this time is different." Frank Martin

“Low price is the ultimate source of margin for error” Howard Marks

“Is there a sufficient margin of safety?” Bruce Berkowitz

“If you buy stock with a sufficient margin of safety, the probability is with you.”  Li Lu

“Most of the top ranked business schools around the world do not understand margin of safety. For them, low risk and low returns go together as do high risk and high returns. Over a lifetime, we all encounter scores of low-risk, high return bets. They exist in all facets of life. Business schools should be educating their students on how to seek out and exploit these opportunities” Mohnish Pabrai

“The best investments have a considerable margin of safety. This is Benjamin Graham’s concept of buying at a sufficient discount that even bad luck or the vissitudes of the business cycle won’t derail an investment. As when you build a bridge that can hold 30-ton trucks but only drive ten-ton trucks across it, you would never want your investment fortunes to be dependent on everything going perfectly, every assumption proving accurate, every break going your way.” Seth Klarman

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“We only want to buy when we can pay less than 60% of a conservative appraisal of a company’s value, based on the present value of future free cash flows, current liquidation value and/or comparable sales…. trying to create a big margin of safety” Mason Hawkins

"There is no investment rule that remains immutable except the margin of safety. There are always breaks and the trick is to begin to anticipate, if you can, where the break points will be and shift. Not the disciplines and not the framework but the tactics that are involved. " Peter Cundill

“The core concept of value investing is margin of safety.  The idea of value investing should be first and foremost about reducing risk.  If you reduce risk the returns will take care of themselves.”  CT Fitzpatrick

“No matter how wonderful [a business] is, it’s not worth an infinite price. We have to have a price that makes sense and gives a margin of safety considering the normal vicissitudes of life.” Charlie Munger

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"The concept of a margin of safety is that an investor should purchase a security at a price sufficiently below his estimate of its intrinsic value that he will have protection against permanent loss even if his estimate proves somewhat optimistic. An analogy is an investor standing on the 10th floor of a building, waiting for an elevator to carry him to the lobby. The elevator door opens. The investor notices that the elevator is rated for 600 pounds. There already are two relatively obese men in the elevator.  The investor estimates their weights at about 200 pounds each. The investor knows that he weighs 175 pounds. The investor should not enter the elevator.  There is an inadequate margin of safety.   Maybe he underestimated the weights of the two obese men. Maybe the elevator company overestimated the strength of the elevator’s cable. The investor waits for the next elevator. The door opens. There is one skinny old lady in the elevator. The investor says hello to the lady and enters the elevator. On his ride to the lobby, he will enjoy a large margin of safety." Ed Wachenheim

“Purchasing a business at a price that provides reasonable assurance of a generous margin for error is an erudite way of saying to ourselves, ‘Buy low, stupid’” Frank Martin

“There is no  Margin of Safety in top-down investing” Seth Klarman

"A margin of safety gives you an edge over just blindly buying stocks or an index fund"  Chris Browne

"As the future is uncertain, my advice is to remember the importance of margin of safety" Jean-Marie Eveillard

“The function of margin of safety is, in essence, that of rendering unnecessary an accurate estimate of the future” Ben Graham

Margin of safety for us comes from the quality of the business and second from buying into it at a substantial discount to our estimate of intrinsic value. Neither is sufficient on its own for us to be interested” Mark Curnin

“The greater the margin of safety implicit in a deeply depressed market or stock, the less the risk and the greater the expected return” Frank Martin

"Always keep a large margin of safety, even if you're playing with house money"  Joel Greenblatt

"Because we look for investments that have a healthy margin for error, a mis-judgment of analysis is rarely a disaster.  We don’t need much to go right in order to make money, and in many cases we can get a lot wrong and still break even." David Einhorn

"You might want to give some thought to how you'll fare if the future doesn't oblige.  In short, what is it that makes outcomes tolerable even when the future doesn't live up to your expectations?  The answer is margin for error" Howard Marks

"If I pay too much upfront, I'd better understand everything there is to know about the company since there is no margin of safety.  If I invest when its undervalued, I can be wrong about a whole host of issues and still make a good return" Guy Spier

"We take very much to heart Ben Graham’s notion of  Margin of Safety and use what we believe are demonstrably conservative assumptions.   If you can do that and still conclude a business is undervalued, that’s built-in margin of safety."  Ken Burgess

“All my stock picking is 100% based on the concept of a margin of safety, as introduced to the world in the book “Security Analysis,” which Graham co-authored with David Dodd. By now I have my own version of their techniques, but the net is that I want to protect my downside to prevent permanent loss of capital." Michael Burry

"We insist on a margin of safety in our purchase price.  If we calculate the value of a common stock to be only slightly higher than it's price, we're not interested in buying.  We believe this margin of safety principle, emphasised by Ben Graham, to be the cornerstone of investment success"  Warren Buffett

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"What attracts us to the whole concept of value investing is the idea of having a margin of safety, in terms of value over price. That margin of safety only exists

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