PT Sinar Mas Agro Resources and Technology Tbk

As reported by Chain Reaction Research and written by Albert ten Kate (Aidenvironment), Gabriel Thoumi, CFA, FRM (Climate Advisers) and Eric Wakker (Aidenvironment), PT Sinar Mas Agro Resources and Technology Tbk (SMAR) is part of the Singapore-based Golden Agri-Resources (GAR). GAR is the largest publicly traded palm oil company in Indonesia in terms of CPO production. It trades on the Singapore Stock Exchange. GAR has 483,000 ha planted with oil palm – including plasma smallholder estates – in Indonesia. SMAR manages 139,000 ha of these plantations.

GAR is majority owned by the Widjaya family, the fourth richest Indonesian family according to Forbes. GAR owns 97 percent of SMAR.

SMAR generates its revenue mainly from downstream activities. Its re?neries have a total capacity of 2.9 million tons of CPO per year. In addition to bulk and industrial oil, SMAR is active on the consumer market under the brands Filma and Kunci Mas.

Sustainability Policy and Recent Practices

As a subsidiary of GAR, SMAR is subject to GAR’s NDPE policy.

  • 2015 oil palm revenue: IDR 34,000 billion
  • 2015 CPO-production: 740,000 tons
  • Sustainability policy and recent practices: low risk
  • 2016 No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation (NDPE) CPO buyers: Wilmar, Musim Mas
  • 2016 NDPE buyers percent revenue: < 10%
  • Since 2015, no apparent changes in land-use policies to mitigate risks

SMAR is a member of the RSPO. GAR and SMAR expect to achieve 100 percent RSPO certification for own operations by 2020. GAR has submitted several New Planting proposals to RSPO. By Q4 2015, 75 percent of its CPO production was RSPO certified.

But directors of SMAR and GAR own oil palm concessions in Kapuas Hulu district in West Kalimantan that lack NDPE policies.

Groups of the semi-nomadic Orang Rimba, an Indigenous People from Jambi, live inside the concession of GAR’s plantation companies PT Bahana Karya Semesta (PT BKS) and PT Kresna Duta Agroindo (PT KDA). Both companies are located in Sarolangung, Jambi province, Sumatra. The customs and culture of the Orang Rimba are closely connected to the forest, upon which they traditionally base their livelihood. Many Orang Rimba groups have lost their customary land due to oil palm plantations and transmigration programs. In June 2016, security personnel of PT BKS injured two Orang Rimba and burnt their settlement. GAR later gave a statement regretting the incident that was in contrast to the company’s social policy. The company compensated the Orang Rimba for their losses.



About the Author

Gabriel Thoumi, CFA, FRM
Gabriel Thoumi, CFA, FRM, is part of Chain Reaction Research, a coalition that includes Aidenvironment, Climate Advisers and Profundo. Chain Reaction Research is funded by the International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI) scheme managed by NORAD and the Packard Foundation. Chain Reaction Research does not necessarily reflect the standpoints of NORAD or the Packard Foundation. Gabriel Thoumi, CFA, FRM works as Director Capital Markets at Climate Advisers where he manages global financial analytics focusing on mitigating systemic climate risk while advising on “greening” capital markets. He has 18 years of experience managing and deploying frameworks to improve global capital markets sustainability through risk mitigation and return enhancement. Previously, for Calvert Investment Management, he valued global equity, index, and fixed income portfolios and their component positions in the utilities, energy, materials, chemicals, and financial sectors. He worked on quantitative index construction and asset allocation strategies. He engaged Fortune 500 CEOs on approaches to mitigating climate risk using financial risk management tools. He led initiatives to improve financial accounting of exchange-listed products and incorporated natural capital into financial tools. He has also worked at Morgan Stanley's carbon offset company, Wells Fargo Capital Management, and American Express. He is an adjunct at John Hopkins University.