PT Sawit Sumbermas Sarana Tbk

As reported by Chain Reaction Research and written by Albert ten Kate (Aidenvironment), Gabriel Thoumi, CFA, FRM (Climate Advisers) and Eric Wakker (Aidenvironment), PT Sawit Sumbermas Sarana Tbk (SSMS) is an Indonesian palm oil company operating in Central Kalimantan. The company is under control of Abdul Rasyid and his family. As of Q2 2016, SSMS had a landbank of 100,000 ha, of which 70,000 ha were already converted into oil palm plantations. SSMS’s parent company PT Citra Borneo Indah also has its own oil palm businesses.

Sustainability Policy and Recent Practices

SSMS does not have a public No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation (NDPE) policy.

  • 2015 oil palm revenue: IDR 2,400 billion
  • 2015 CPO-production: 321,000 tons
  • Sustainability policy and recent practices: high risk
  • 2016 No Deforestation, No Peat, No Exploitation (NDPE) CPO buyers: Louis Dreyfus, Unilever
  • 2016 NDPE buyers percent revenue: < 10%
  • Since 2015, no apparent changes in land-use policies to mitigate risks, main NDPE-buyers stopped purchasing, recent practices in clear contrast with NDPE

The company has been a member of the RSPO since April 2007. Two of its five palm oil mills and supply bases are presently RSPO certified. It aims to achieve 100 percent RSPO certification for its own operations by 2018.

In March 2015, SSMS submitted an RSPO New Planting proposal, planning to convert more than 10,000 ha of lowland tropical rainforest (potential or actual orangutan habitat) into oil palm plantations. Two NGOs filed a complaint with RSPO, arguing that documents with regard to High Conservation Value areas and Free, Prior and Informed Consent were incorrect and flawed. At the same time, another NGO reported on recent clearings of peatland forests by an SSMS subsidiary. In December 2015, SSMS sold the concession with the pending RSPO complaint and another highly contested concession. The buyers could not be identified through notary acts. It can also not be ruled out that the companies are still under control of Abdul Rasyid and his family. SSMS acquired two plantation companies in Central Kalimantan, PT Menteng Kencana Mas (PT MKM) and PT Mirza Pratama Putra (PT MPP). The concessions comprise 27,000 ha, of which around 18,000 ha are not yet planted. PT MKM is likely predominantly located on peatland, though the concession area is not clear. In Figure 1 shown below, drone imagery recorded active deforestation in PT MPP in May 2016.

Figure 1: Deforestation by SSMS’s PT Mirza Pratama Putra in May 2016. Coordinates: 1°58’35.40″S; 111°30’53.26″E.




About the Author

Gabriel Thoumi, CFA, FRM
Gabriel Thoumi, CFA, FRM, is part of Chain Reaction Research, a coalition that includes Aidenvironment, Climate Advisers and Profundo. Chain Reaction Research is funded by the International Climate and Forest Initiative (NICFI) scheme managed by NORAD and the Packard Foundation. Chain Reaction Research does not necessarily reflect the standpoints of NORAD or the Packard Foundation. Gabriel Thoumi, CFA, FRM works as Director Capital Markets at Climate Advisers where he manages global financial analytics focusing on mitigating systemic climate risk while advising on “greening” capital markets. He has 18 years of experience managing and deploying frameworks to improve global capital markets sustainability through risk mitigation and return enhancement. Previously, for Calvert Investment Management, he valued global equity, index, and fixed income portfolios and their component positions in the utilities, energy, materials, chemicals, and financial sectors. He worked on quantitative index construction and asset allocation strategies. He engaged Fortune 500 CEOs on approaches to mitigating climate risk using financial risk management tools. He led initiatives to improve financial accounting of exchange-listed products and incorporated natural capital into financial tools. He has also worked at Morgan Stanley's carbon offset company, Wells Fargo Capital Management, and American Express. He is an adjunct at John Hopkins University.