Financial Literacy: Just-in-Time Is the Ticket

Financial Literacy: Just-in-Time Is the Ticket

Published on Mar 14, 2016

Financial-education efforts have had depressingly little impact on individuals’ decision-making when occurring too far away from the financial behavior it’s meant to influence, says University of Colorado’s John Lynch.

Financial Literacy

0:03I am Christine Benz for morningstar.com I’m here at the morning start

0:07institutional conference recent research has some sobering implications for

0:11couples financial decision-making process he’s joining me to discuss that

0:15topic is john Lynch he’s a professor at the University of Colorado John thank

0:20you so much for being here thanks Christine you have done some really

0:23interesting research there has been a lot of research done over the past

0:27several years about financial literacy education whether it works whether it

0:32doesn’t work the general take away is not encouraging its not encouraging

0:37whether database Lee show is that the first place the average American

0:41consumer is extremely low and financial literacy so if you give the average into

0:47a national survey you’ll see very simple questions about compound interest you

0:52know about about time value of money etc that most people don’t know that stuff

0:58so financial literacy is low and then educational efforts to help lift people

1:03up in that area haven’t necessarily been successfully either yeah that’s the

1:07interesting thing that sort of that the national thing the natural response when

1:10you see the world has become more complicated and people need to be more

1:14literate natural responses they’ll fix the problem by financial education and

1:19we’ve done research that shows depressingly small effects of financial

1:24education that financial education has been very very little effect on

1:27financial behavior and whatever effect it has happened if the education is

1:33close in time to the financial behavior trying to you so that gets to this idea

1:39of what what you call just-in-time financial education let’s talk about

1:44what that means and why you think it can be more effective than sort of general

1:48interest financial literacy curriculum ok so you know when I say this is gonna

1:53sound painfully obvious but the financial education is no different than

1:57other forms education if you don’t use it goes away and so on

2:02much financial education for example school be spent on education has them to

2:07a broad based curriculum in the recipients that education aren’t in a

2:13position to use it right away they have no money no assets to my be teaching

2:17high school kid ok of course there’s a mortgage etcetera and so what our

2:22research shows that there is no impact of financial education of any link on

2:28behavior that’s outside of two years from when you did it finish the

2:32education so if you’re hoping you gonna teach somebody something that’s gonna

2:35stick with them into adulthood etcetera that turned out to be a fantasy but if

2:40you get a little closer to the point of decision making you deliver that

2:43education at the time when someone is considering their choices whether

2:47they’re taking out a mortgage or allocating a 401k it may have the

2:51potential to be a little more effective

2:53that’s exactly right that’s exactly right so you’ll see that you know if

2:57you’re looking at the effect of like a one hour session on behavior that’s

3:00taking place within a month compared to having like 15 hours of the person

3:05looking at behavior that’s a year down the road the short session can be just

3:08as effective if it’s right away so part of what we think is that to try to

3:14identify and people’s financial lives specific events where you know you can

3:18be just in time

3:19you know for example let’s say somebody who’s about to retire and they’re

3:22thinking about the issue of accumulation and think about annuities and so on so

3:27that’s a point in time where they’ll be receptive to financial education and

3:31financial education embedded in some kind of advice small ok when you have

3:38pursued in your research I think it’s an interesting one for our morningstar.com

3:42audience is couple’s financial planning decisions and the fact that in many

3:48couples they divide and conquer the stuff that they need to get done and so

3:53in many households you’ve got one partner who’s the mean financial

3:56decision-making maker and the other one is concentrating on other things what

4:00implications does that have for that household ok well said that’s you know

4:05that’s an extremely interesting so first of all almost everything has been

4:09written about financial education of financial literacy looks at the

4:12individual adult is the unit of analysis so they’re looking at them now they’re

4:16analyzing me they’re saying john Lynch is this age got this income etc but the

4:22point of this later project is that that people are making decisions in a social

4:28context in particular in the couple context and we find these super

4:32interesting result we find in the first place when couples first get together

4:35the person who typically divide up the responsibilities for various tasks

4:41including money in the person who gets the money job is absolutely no more

4:45capable than the person who doesn’t get so it’s random random this I would say

4:48random but there are I’m sure there are good reasons for it but it’s like if I’m

4:52bad at cooking then I went up being the money personally I think so or something

4:59like that so

5:00they’re interesting result we find those the ones the couple has divided up those

5:04responsibilities whoever is in the call the kind of the driver’s seat

5:09financial driver seat gets better and better and better over time in financial

5:13literacy and ironically the person who’s in the passenger seat by the way my

5:18marriage that’s me the longer you’re together the worse and worse for the

5:22lower and lower your financial literacy becomes and then we are evidence shows

5:26that plays out in inability of individual to make financial decisions

5:31have separated from their partners so if i’ve been relying on my wife for close

5:37to forty years and that over time even though that seems like it’s working well

5:42for me when I can Ryan her if my own I do worse and worse and worse the longer

5:47we’re together and I do badly but even when I’m in a situation where I have

5:53access to really valid information to help me make a particular decision if

5:58I’ve been in this passenger seed I’m so I mean level of ignorance I literally

6:03cannot engage that material and so I think it’s very interesting for people

6:06in the financial advising space for example about you know how do you get

6:10through to somebody who was a passenger seat for so long

6:13where they literally have a difficult time following just paying attention to

6:17what you’re talking about their right so what are some best practices for couples

6:22who are in this situation and I know anecdotally that it’s very calm and the

6:26couple’s to divide and conquer this way how can they help ensure that the one

6:32who is not in the driver seat that that person skills don’t completely go fallow

6:37during that period but will soon as I actually listened to another talk in the

6:42conference that the Bobcats game and it was about to just mentioning how couples

6:47find it aversive to make financial decisions together so her her point was

6:53that people find it easier to divide and conquer one personal make the decision

6:56I think if you can make yourself engage if there’s some big elaborate on that

7:01kind of thing then so that you will cover the couple completely understand

7:05what’s going on and why we’re doing and so on I think that’s that’s going to be

7:09a positive for people in the long run again our messages as long as the

7:14couples together the divide-and-conquer isn’t a problem but since it’s quite

7:20likely that you know marriages end in divorce or death will partner and so on

7:23eventually the person the passenger seat is gonna be on his or her alone and so

7:28we try to think about well what’s going to happen then right and I’d like to

7:32discuss that because I know in many situations the couple’s answer is well

7:36he or she will hire an advisor to take things over at that point but that’s not

7:41as simple as it sounds in that the person who hasn’t been the financial

7:45decision maker may not be well equipped to choose a good adviser that’s exactly

7:50right so basically so you know BC need to know something to be able to screen

7:54and know who really is trustworthy and also just to understand the advice to be

7:59able to act on it and so if you’re if Ben if you’ve been relying on your

8:05partner for so long and now you don’t have your partner so now you’re relying

8:08on a financial advisor it doesn’t look like that pretty but picture at the I

8:13would say that people are definitely at risk of having some disastrous financial

8:17decisions that situation so would one idea be for the financially active

8:22partner to maybe help pre-screen advisers to identify appropriate

8:26advisors in advance yeah I think that’s an interesting illegal one of those is

8:30also porous obviously just what the compensation model for the analyzer and

8:33so on and so you know there are compensation models words for you only

8:36versus some other commission based thing so maybe conversations about exactly

8:41that he comes to that situation is categories will buy them I prefer over

8:45others but but I agree with you that but then beyond that there’s going to be

8:50actual investment decisions and so on and so basically it

8:55it’s one implication is that you can’t be so just you can’t say just-in-time

9:02financial education for forty years and then hope that in forty years now it is

9:07just in time I need to know what I’m doing to talk to my advisor and hoping

9:12to catch on right away was a this one positive thing in this is there is some

9:17evidence that when when when when Parker’s know that something’s about to

9:22happen for example they have a partner and so you know that you’re gonna be

9:27there is evidence that people who’ve been in the passenger see

9:31up their game and get to the point where they’re they’re able to cope more

9:35effectively I would say that’s another implication of this if you’re in a

9:39couple of you it’s a health issue that like that

9:44getting to it later is better than getting to it never and so used as a

9:49catalyst think you such an important topic we appreciate you being here to

9:54discuss your research with it

Financial Literacy

Financial Literacy



About the Author

Sheeraz Raza
Sheeraz is our COO (Chief - Operations), his primary duty is curating and editing of ValueWalk. He is main reason behind the rapid growth of the business. Sheeraz previously ran a taxation firm. He is an expert in technology, he has over 5.5 years of design, development and roll-out experience for SEO and SEM. - Email: sraza(at)valuewalk.com