Funds Burned By Williams Companies (WMB) Merger Arb Style by Activist Stocks
First appeared here: A Brutal End For Merger Arb Investors in Williams Companies. What Does the Deal Mean for Williams Partners? by Jason Knapp.
Merger Arb is a very popular type of special situation play in volatile markets like the one that we are currently experiencing. OK, volatile is putting it a little kindly, bear market is perhaps a more appropriate description of what’s going on today. For those who are not familiar with the strategy, merger arb involves purchasing shares of companies that have been bought out or are in the process of negotiating a deal to be bought out with the hopes if capturing the spread between the price being paid for the company and the level that it is trading at. This investment works well most of the time, but when it goes wrong it can be very painful for investors. As you can see by the following chart, it definitely has gone wrong for investors who purchased shares of Williams Companies.
What can past market crashes teach us about the current one?
The markets have largely recovered since the March selloff, but most would agree we're not out of the woods yet. The COVID-19 pandemic isn't close to being over, so it seems that volatility is here to stay, at least until the pandemic becomes less severe. Q2 2020 hedge fund letters, conferences and more At the Read More
The twists and turns of the Williams Companies story resemble those of a soap opera. Earlier this year, in a move reminiscent of the recent consolidation in the Kinder Morgan family of pipeline companies, Williams decided that it would buy out its limited partnership Williams Partners. Many investors piled into Williams Partners hoping to capture the spread between the buyout offer and the level that the stock was trading at.
However, not long after the Williams consolidation deal was announced, Energy Transfer Equity made an unsolicited bid for Williams Companies. At first Williams Companies rebuffed $ETE’s advances and sought other suitors. For a brief period of time Spectra Energy considered making a bid for $WMB, but it ultimately decided that it was too small to swallow such a large fish. This morning, with no other suitors and Mr. Market brutally punishing all energy-related stocks Williams Companies decided to accept Energy Transfer’s merger proposal.
So if Williams Companies decided to accept a takeover offer, why was its stock hammered so badly? The problem with Energy Transfer’s buyout offer is that as a highly leveraged company $ETE had to pay for the majority of the buyout with its own battered stock. As $ETE’s stock dropped in the recent market selloff, so did the value of its takeover offer and in turn Williams Companies stock. Williams Companies is off 8% and Energy Transfer is down 9.5%.
Where does this deal leave Williams Partners? To use a soap opera reference, alone at the altar and down 5% itself.
One silver lining for Williams Partners and its shareholders is at least it will receive a $428 million breakup fee for its troubles. That’s nothing to sneeze at. Nothing else should change for the company, other than the elimination of the buyout premium that previously existed.f Energy Transer will now become the General Partner for $WPZ and it will continue to pay out its generous 9.5% distribution to shareholders.
Having said that, investors would be wise to keep an eye on this distribution. While it has been improving, $WPZ’s coverage ratio still sat at only 0.97x last quarter. Anything below 1 means that the company is not earning enough distributable cash to pay its distribution. I expect that the coverage ratio will improve in Q3 as Williams’ Partners’ new Geismar Ethylene comes fully on-line and begins to generate cash for the company:
The future is a little murky for Williams Partners at the moment. After it receives the buyout proposal from Williams Companies, it scrapped its previous guidance. Questions also remain about future dropdowns from its new parent company and whether the general weakness in the energy sector will have a negative impact upon Williams Partners. I personally own shares of $WPZ and believe that the selloff has been significantly overdone. I plan to continue to hold my shares and collect its generous quarterly payout. Ultimately, I believe that the energy sector will recover, interest rates will not rise nearly as much as many fear and shares of ravaged MLPs like Williams Partners will bounce back like a coiled spring.