First Chinese Submarine Docks In Pakistan, India Spooked?

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First Chinese Submarine Docks In Pakistan, India Spooked?
MaoNo / Pixabay

A Chinese submarine docked in the Pakistani port of Karachi last month, the first time that such a visit has taken place.

Various media outlets report that a People’s Liberation Army Navy Yuan-class 335 submarine docked in Karachi on May 22, before spending around a week in port receiving supplies, writes Zachary Keck for The National Interest.

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India monitoring submarine activity

The submarine has a crew of approximately 65 sailors, and is “equipped with torpedoes, anti-ship missiles and an air-independent propulsion that dramatically enhances its underwater endurance,” according to India Today.

Despite a calm official response to the submarine activity, this is not the first time that the movements of Chinese submarines have annoyed India. Last September, the port of Colombo, Sri Lanka, received a Song-class diesel-electric attack submarine, a fact which greatly annoyed Indian officials. Several weeks after that first docking, a second submarine arrived in Sri Lanka.

When asked about the docking of the Chinese submarine in Karachi, Indian vice admiral P Murugesan told the Hindustan Times that the “docking of a submarine belonging to some other country in a third country itself is not a big concern but we do monitor them, whichever submarines operate in our region.”

China increasingly active in Indian Ocean

He moved to assuage fears of a naval alliance between China and Pakistan, saying only that the Indian Navy is “also having relations with numerous countries but we monitor in our neighborhood who is interacting with which other navy.”

Following the docking of its submarines in Sri Lanka, China allegedly told India that it would be carrying out patrols of the Indian Ocean using its Type-093 Shang-class nuclear-powered attack submarines.

The patrols provoked great controversy in India, with some analysts wondering whether the Chinese could attempt to blockade India using its nuclear-powered submarines.

Relations between Paskistan, China and India increasingly complicated

Politicians in New Delhi tend to regard the Indian Ocean as the country’s natural domain, and Chinese patrols are sure to cause annoyance. Perhaps more worrying for India are discussions between China and Pakistan regarding the sale of advanced submarines from Beijing to Islamabad. Reports claim that a deal is in place for the sale of 8 submarines in the near future.

Various media outlets in India have indicated that the submarines in question may be Yuan-class, one of which recently docked in Karachi. The reports raised suspicions that the visit may have been made so that Pakistani Navy figures could get to know the submarines which they may soon be able to operate.

Relations between Pakistan are growing stronger and stronger, and India is worried by the latest developments. A proposed Chinese-funded economic corridor through Pakistani Kashmir provoked serious opposition from Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, and the traditionally difficult relationship between Beijing and New Delhi shows no signs of improving.

Chinese activity spooks India

The situation is further complicated by an increasingly aggressive war of words between India and Pakistan, with both sides provoking the other with aggressive rhetoric. The specters of past conflicts in Bangladesh, as well as the ongoing dispute over Kashmir, have raised their ugly heads again, as hawkish figures on both sides contribute to a sense that the risk of conflict is growing.

At the same time, increasingly assertive behavior from China poses another threat to Indian security, and the thought of Beijing selling advanced weapons to Islamabad, which could be used in a potential war against India, is surely a nightmarish situation for New Delhi.

China has been increasing its international reach of late, and its submarines have been undertaking longer patrols. A number of commentators believe that China is pursuing a so-called “String of Pearls” strategy, under which its vessels can use a number of Chinese-built ports across the Indian Ocean to restock and refuel, as well as increasing the Chinese presence in the region.

If the sale of advanced submarines to Pakistan does go ahead, India will understandably be worried by their capabilities and their existence as evidence of a close relationship between Beijing and Islamabad. The extended range of Chinese naval operations is also a worry for New Delhi, which now faces the possibility of a foreign power possessing stronger armed forces in its back yard.

China presumably sees great benefit in cultivating a close relationship with Pakistan, whether for economic reasons, such as the proposed corridor, or because of the fact that a stronger Pakistan gives India something else to worry about.The geopolitical situation in the region is becoming increasingly complicated as the interests of various nations become intertwined.

Updated on

While studying economics, Brendan found himself comfortably falling down the rabbit hole of restaurant work, ultimately opening a consulting business and working as a private wine buyer. On a whim, he moved to China, and in his first week following a triumphant pub quiz victory, he found himself bleeding on the floor based on his arrogance. The same man who put him there offered him a job lecturing for the University of Wales in various sister universities throughout the Middle Kingdom. While primarily lecturing in descriptive and comparative statistics, Brendan simultaneously earned an Msc in Banking and International Finance from the University of Wales-Bangor. He's presently doing something he hates, respecting French people. Well, two, his wife and her mother in the lovely town of Antigua, Guatemala. <i>To contact Brendan or give him an exclusive, please contact him at theflask@gmail.com</i>
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26 COMMENTS

  1. Its only pakis who live in dreams thanks to their criminal army.look at neutral sources-american sources to understand ur image.

  2. LOL let me teach you history once again
    1948: Nobody stopped ur jungli tribesmen from capturing kashmir valley. The only reason they could not was because they stopped over at baramullah for more than necessary time for loot and rape allowing indian forces crucial time to airlift to srinagar. Had they not done that, kashmir valley would have been yours.
    1965: So at-least u admit that pak started the fight. Now losses on battlefield are measured first and foremost by territory not men and material. In 1965 pak captured around 500 sqkm of indian territory of which 300sqkm was in chamb jaurian next to akhnoor and valuable to india. India however captured 1300sqkm of pakistani territory all of which was vital and strategic. So in terms of territorial losses, we won 3 times more territory than u. As for material losses, here pak lost more army men and tanks than india. The only place where we suffered more losses was on air (45 to 15) but as a proportion of air assets it was equal.
    1971:Not only did pak loose in the east, it lost 6000sqkm of shakargarh tehsil in west as well.
    1984: Siachin is still with us
    1999: there were no freedom fighters, they were NLI men with SSG command and they lost most of the vital peaks even before the withdrawal began.

  3. I agree 100% with you on this but in 1948 when we captured 1/3rd Kashmir so actually our triblesmen were ordered by first british army chief not to proceed further (a treacherous act indeed)…. And you did’t captured whole Kashmir valley you just deployed your troops there without any resistance!!! I also agree the stalemate of 1965 but from ground to sky our kill ratio was far superior than yours especially in aerial warfare (by the way its indeed a shameful act that you diverted the fight from Kashmir to international borders (Lahore, sialkot) its just like we are fighting outside and you can’t fight me their so you come my home at night and start fighting my children, sisters, mother…… in 1971 you are once again right a clear victory of yours by a coward step taken to attack and crossed international border and a small proportion of my army in East Pakistan (Not half!!! NOT HALF!!!!!) was killed and captured (according to your army general the ratio was 15:1 bangali traitors + Indian Army) and in this situation fighting is like committing a suicide…….. In 1999 Pakistan attacked Kargil by freedom fighters regular army intervened in the middle of fight still captured the target and still managed to down your two air crafts……. When we captured the kargil hills you once again opted for a full scale war like 1965 on other international borders…… as we both were atomic powers US realized the situation and pressurized us through UN to step back hence we stepped back but while stepping back from the captured posts, your brave Air force started bombardment on the retreating freedom fighters & on chitral scouts…… a coward act once again!!! This is the history understand!!!!

  4. british my @SS, will send heat wave from Rajasthan to roast/ BBQ/ grill and make karachee tandoori , with paki pigs in skewers.

  5. paki pig is a bonafide term , all pakis and muslims have pig genes and therefore refrain from eating pigs , get it muslim suar. now go back to fornicating with 9 yr olds religiously like pedo poppat mohaMAD. muslim pig.

  6. I wonder why did the mod allow derogatory terms like “paki pigs”??would I be allowed to call an India a wog here or a cow worshipper ?

  7. Lets be honest here for a second…..Your media has taught u so much lies which has manipulated u into thinking that Pakistan is like n Korea ……

  8. Lol why dont the pakis read history. Let me teach you history paki boy:

    1948: India captured the whole of kashmir valley. Where was pak army then. We didnt go further on advise of sheikh abdullah that people living in those areas (pak occuped kashmir) are ethnically closer to pakistani punjabis and it will feed a big rebellion if we went close to muslim punjabi and pakhtoon heartland.
    1965: The attack on lahore was primarily to stop operation gibralter and grandslam which were the cause of 1965 war and were launched by pak army to capture kashmir. We may not have captured lahore proper but reached upto ichigol canal forcing pakistan to abandon op gibralter so we won.In the end pak which launched the war with op gibralter ended with defeats and losses in haji pir in kashmir and punjab border. The only place where we lost was in chamb which is why we agreed to tashkent agreement but pak was more eager to get back haji pir pass and ichigol area in return for chamb so in the end it was a stalemate. But since the war was launched by pak with the intent of capturing kashmir and they could not- we won.
    1971: No need to elaborate as pak lost half its army and country.Even in west pakistan we captured the whole shakargarh tehsil.
    1984: Siachin. Pak launched an attempt to take over siachin and was defeated by india. Subsequently 2 large assaults were mounted by pakistani army with 1000 soldiers and what was the end result: defeat. Siachin is still with India and pak begs us to leave it nowdays citing climate change (lol) .
    1999: Kargil: The war happened because pakistani captured high peaks during winters when we abandoned those due to extreme winters. Our high casualties initially was because we were caught by surprise and intruders were at high altitudes. But when Indian air force launched precision strikes on the peaks and artillery came into action most pakistani posts were demolished. it was not India but pak which ran with its tail to US begging it to stop airstrikes as pak had no answer to BVR equipped Indian Migs and Mirages and superior indian artillery. In fact by most neutral accounts India had recaptured 75-80% of its posts even before pak army withdrew.

    So u see paki boy this is the awkat of your army

  9. Ok then please just cross the line of control a single step then Pakistan will show you what you and your military is worth of!!! and you telling me about my AOKAAT??? check the aokaat of your army first lost 1/3rd Kashmir in 1948 made a failed attempt in 1965 to capture Lahore (LOL). Surrounded and capture a small portion of our army like cowards with the help of bangali traitors in 1971 while our main force was in west Pakistan…. and you say it was your victory SHAME ON YOU!!! lost Kargil in 1999 after USA and UN pressure we backed off from the Kargil hills….. This your entire war history……

  10. Please copy paste a credible source that stats that Pakistani laws (Constitution) are not longer no longer applicable and also provide a credible source that stats Gilgit Baltistan has been leased to People’s Republic of China for 100 years.

    Please make it a credible internationally reputable source, ideally more than one source.

  11. pakistan has no awkat to conduct ops like kargil now as indian conventional power is far ahead. It is China pak combined ops which are a concern

  12. Moreover as we speak there are 20000 PLA personals in Gilgit Baltistan in guise of construction workers. The city that china is building in gwadar will be composed of PLA navy personnel and chinese workers and will not be under paki jurisdiction. This is exactly like the arrangement that US has with Japan in okinawa. If tomorrow Japan China war breaks out, this arrangement will force US to enter war on behalf of Japan. Commonsense indicates that the same will apply to China in an India Pak war. In itself that is not a problem but pakistan is more like north korea and less like japan. pakistan army which controls pakistan is a rogue army and has a history of provoking India starting with operation gibralter, grandslam and even before in the mizo insurgency. This is the reason why India intervened in east pakistan. In the 80s pakistan army resumed its old habits in khalistan insurgency and kashmir. Mumbai 1992 attacks, kargil, IC814 hijack , parliament attacks, mumbai attacks are other examples. All of these were ISI ops

  13. India per se is not worried about kargil type ops from pak army as Indian force level will easily defeat pak army but problem is china entering the field on behalf of pakistan. India is far ahead of pakistan in military power but still behind china so now we have to double or triple our budget to match china’s defence spending

  14. Not really. As per Kanwa reports, pak army has agreed to declare gwadar as special zone where pak law will not apply. In addition PLA now has 100 year lease over Gilgil Baltistan which means now PLA controls GB. The only rationale for this arrangement is China’s desire to directly access Indian ocean to base their submarines which means pakistan is now officially chinese territory

  15. Lol as per UN resolution pak has to leave the entire kashmir. UN resolutions are meaningless. And as for kargil, India can easily beat pak as our force levels are faar superior, the real threat is china

  16. How come indians are so ignorant. Pakistan has not sold gwadar. The port in gwadar has been leased to chinese company for operational purposes.

    No area inside Pakistan is sovereign chinese territory, however yes you do face the threat of war on two fronts.

  17. for 25 years only…. But if you free Kashmir and gave the right of self determination to the people of Kashmir than i guarantee that there will be no operations like Kargil……

  18. India has no problem with the investment. The problem is with the quid pro quo. In return for this chinese investment , pakistani army has sold the gwadar port to china and much of gilgit pakistan has been leased to PLA. This means that parts of pakistan are now sovereign chinese territory which means that in future if pak army launches any misadventure like kargil india will have to face 2 front conflict with pakistan and china.

  19. i never thought that the $46 bill investment of China will worry india but Noooo, it’s beyond me why india can’t understand a prosperes and economical stable Pakistan will be in the best interest of india and the region

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