World’s Tiniest Hedgehog Fossil Discovered In Canada

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World’s Tiniest Hedgehog Fossil Discovered In Canada

Scientists have discovered the fossils of the world’s smallest hedgehog at Driftwood Canyon Provincial Park in Canada. This hedgehog measured just two inches (5 cm) and lived about 52 million years ago in the region we know today as British Columbia. The tiny creature lived during a warm time of Eocene Epoch in a rainforest.

The hedgehog had the size of your thumb

Scientists have named it Silvacola acares, which means “tiny forest dweller.” It lived about 13 million years after dinosaurs were wiped out from Earth by an asteroid about 65 million years ago. S. acares was no bigger than a person’s thumb, and survived by eating plants, insects and seeds, researchers said.

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Jaelyn Eberle, a paleontologist at the University of Colorado and lead author of the study, said she was surprised by its small size. Tiny size of the hedgehog fossil also made it difficult for researchers to identify it. Today’s hedgehogs are much bigger. Eberle said the smallest living hedgehog is about 4-6 inches long. And their close cousin moonrats are more than 18 inches long and weigh several pounds.

Hedgehogs have protective quills. But in this case, the fossils were not enough to help scientists figure out whether Silvacola  had quills. Eberle said ancient hedgehogs living in Europe around the same time possessed bristly hair. So, Silvacola may have had quills as well. Rather than removing fossils of the delicate upper jaw from the surrounding rock, researchers examined it with a high-resolution industrial CT scanner to avoid damaging its cheek teeth.

Modern hedgehogs live in Europe, Asia and Africa

The most primitive known members of the hedgehog family lived about 58 million years ago. Today, hedgehogs and moonrats live mostly in Asia, Africa and Europe. Researchers also found another mammal called Heptodon at the same site. This tapir-like creature had the size of a dog. Heptodon lacked the short trunk found in most tapirs, and it was a herbivore.

The trunk-less tapir and the 2-inch hedgehog lived along the edges of a lake. That area was more like an upland rainforest, and its climate resembled the modern-day Portland, Oregon, which is about 700 miles south of where these fossils were found.

The study was published in the Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology.

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  1. NOT MILLIONS OF YEARS OLD! Evolutionary dating methods are not infallible science, are based on certain built-in assumptions, and have been proven to be contradictory and inconsistent. Please read my popular Internet article, ARE FOSSILS REALLY MILLIONS OF YEARS OLD?

    There is absolutely no proof of macro-evolution in the fossil record. The fossils of all species are found complete (not partially-evolved) with no evidence of actual transition from one kind to another. There are no fossils of fish, for example, with part fins, part feet to show that transition occurred from fins to feet. Besides this, partially-evolved species would be unfit for survival while waiting to be completed over millions of years.

    The fossils show that all life came into existence as complete and fully-formed from the beginning, which is only possible by creation.

    The fossil layers in the real world are not even found in the sequence taught in evolutionary textbooks. There are many places where fossils of complex creatures are found beneath simpler ones, and there are fossils of mixed species existing in the same stratum which classic evolutionary textbooks teach should have been separated by millions of years.

    There’s a lot of evidence that the fossil layers were not deposited by gradual floods, which would have required millions of years. Rather, the evidence strongly points to a one world-wide flood that fossilized species, just as the Bible teaches.

    All the fossils that have been used to support human evolution have been found to be either hoaxes, non-human, or human, but not non-human and human.

    Sincerely,
    Babu G. Ranganathan*
    (B.A. Bible/Biology)

    Visit my newest Internet site: THE SCIENCE SUPPORTING CREATION

    Author of the popular Internet article, TRADITIONAL DOCTRINE OF HELL EVOLVED FROM GREEK ROOTS

    *I have given successful lectures (with question and answer period afterwards) defending creation before evolutionist science faculty and students at various colleges and universities. I’ve been privileged to be recognized in the 24th edition of Marquis “Who’s Who in The East.”

    NATURAL LIMITS TO EVOLUTION: Only evolution within biological “kinds” is genetically possible (i.e. varieties of dogs, cats, etc.), but not evolution across biological “kinds” (i.e. from sea sponge to human). How could species have survived if their vital tissues, organs, reproductive systems, etc. were still evolving? Survival of the fittest actually would have prevented evolution across biological kinds! A true transitional form would be unfit for survival. For example, “if a leg of a reptile were to evolve (over supposedly millions of years) into a wing of a bird, it would become a bad leg long before it became a good wing” (Dr. Walt Brown, scientist and creationist). Survival of the fittest actually would have prevented evolution across biological kinds! Read my Internet article: WAR AMONG EVOLUTIONISTS! (2nd Edition).

    Natural selection doesn’t produce biological traits or variations. It can only “select” from biological variations that are possible and which have survival value. The real issue is what biological variations are possible, not natural selection. Only limited evolution, variations of already existing genes and traits, is possible. Nature is mindless and has no ability to design and program entirely new genes for entirely new traits. Evolutionists believe and hope that, over supposedly millions of years, random genetic mutations caused by environmental radiation will generate entirely new genes. This is total blind and irrational faith on the part of evolutionists. It’s much like believing that randomly changing the sequence of letters in a romance novel, over millions of years, will turn it into a book on astronomy! That’s the kind of blind faith macro-evolutionists have.

    Mutations are accidents in the genetic, are mostly harmful, and have no capability of producing greater complexity in the code. Even if a good accident occurred, for every good one there would be hundreds of harmful ones with the net result, over time, being harmful, even lethal, to the species. At best, mutations only produce further variations within a natural species. Even so, mutations are not the best explanation for variations within a natural species.

    What about “Junk DNA?” It’s not junk. It’s we who were ignorant of their usefulness. These so-called “non-coding” segments of DNA have recently been shown to be vital in regulating gene expression (i.e. when, where, and how genes are expressed, so they’re not “junk”). Even more recent scientific evidence shows that they do code for proteins, after all, and that we need to readjust our thinking of how the cell reads the genetic code (Read “Human Proteome More Complex Than Previously Thought,” Internet article by Dr. Jeffrey Tomkins). Read my popular Internet article: HOW FORENSIC SCIENCE REFUTES ATHEISM

    Since it is not rational to believe that genetic information, or any form of information, can arise by chance, it is totally rational to believe that God (the Supreme Genetic Engineer) placed within all natural species, in the beginning, with all of the recessive and dominant genes that produced all of the intra-species variations in nature.

    If life on earth had really existed for millions of years, all species would have become extinct by now due to the colossal number of accumulated mutations over time (please read the author’s popular Internet article, ARE FOSSILS REALLY MILLIONS OF YEARS OLD?).

    Genetic information, like other forms of information, cannot arise by chance, so it is far more logical to believe that the genetic and biological similarities between species are due to a common Designer (Creator) who designed similar functions for similar purposes in all the various forms of life.

    Visit my latest Internet site: THE SCIENCE SUPPORTING CREATION .

    I discuss: Punctuated Equilibria, “Junk DNA,” genetics, mutations, natural selection, fossils, dinosaur “feathers,” the genetic and biological similarities between various species, etc., etc.

    Babu G. Ranganathan*
    B.A. Bible/Biology

    Author of popular Internet article, TRADITIONAL DOCTRINE OF HELL EVOLVED FROM GREEK ROOTS

    *I have given successful lectures (with question and answer period afterwards) defending creation before evolutionist science faculty and students at various colleges and universities. I’ve been privileged to be recognized in the 24th edition of Marquis “Who’s Who in The East” for my writings on religion and science.

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