Tocqueville Gold Strategy Investor Letter Second Quarter 2014 by John Hathaway, Tocqueville

The precious metals complex, both mining shares and bullion, appears to be in the process of completing a major bottom extending back to mid-2013. The chart below depicts this action quite clearly in the form of what technical analysts refer to as a reverse or upside down head and shoulder pattern, a classic indication of a possible trend reversal. While further upside is required for conclusive evidence, and more testing is quite possible over the summer, we are becoming more comfortable with the proposition that the downside potential has been fully exhausted after nearly three years of declining prices and that the stage has been set for a major advance in the years to come.

Gold future

Source: International Strategy & Investment Group LLC

Many other components of a major bottom appear to be lining up as well. Sentiment gauges are constructive, meaning that most investors remain negative, disinterested, or off balance. Please refer to the chart from Ned Davis Research (below) as well as the array of sentiment indicators appended to this letter.

Gold futures

Source: Ned Davis Research

Money flows, using SPDR Gold Trust (ETF) (NYSEARCA:GLD) assets under management as a proxy, are beginning to show signs of stabilization, if somewhat tentative.

SPDR Gold Trust

Source: MeridianMacro

Valuations of precious metals mining shares, both gold and silver, continue to creep along at what we consider to be rock bottom levels. Fundamentals are improving. Earnings and cash flow are beginning to rise due to higher bullion prices and radical cutbacks in costs and capital expenditures.

XAU Gold Ratio

News headlines, particularly FOMC pronouncements which have had a particularly negative effect on price behavior, appear to have lost their sting. It appears that the perception of Fed tapering, which has for the past few years represented short hand for investor comfort with the course of monetary policy, is at worst old news fully digested by precious metals markets, and at best (from a gold investor’s point of view) becoming problematic.

Gold performance

Source: MeridianMacro

Another positive sign is that the mining shares seem to be leading metals prices. This sort of price behavior has been associated with advancing stages and just the opposite of the period in 2011 when precious metals shares began to underperform advancing bullion prices.

Miners performance

Source: ChartWorks

The position of the market remains extremely short. There is plenty of upside potential based on speculative Comex positions swinging from short to long exposure.

Gold Net Spec Performance

Source: MeridianMacro

It is interesting that the below chart of yields on the ten year treasury showing a head and shoulders top is almost a mirror image of the first chart showing a reverse head and shoulders formation for gold. With CPI inflation numbers beginning to rise, the implications of this particular chart might seem counterintuitive. One possible explanation would be that plunging yields would signify coming economic weakness that could in turn cause a U-turn in the Fed taper:

U-turn in the Fed taper

Source: International Strategy & Investment Group LLC

Finally, a chart of the trade weighted dollar index shows persistent weakness despite the market consensus for economic growth during the remainder of 2014. This is also counterintuitive because the dollar would normally show strength during periods of robust economic growth. Rallies from these levels have been progressively weaker, and so this needs to be watched carefully. A breakdown from here could result from the onset of unexpected economic weakness or, another possibility, backlash from the “weaponization” of finance in the form of sanctions and fines levied against foreign entities:


Source: International Strategy & Investment Group LLC

Regardless of the many cross currents suggested by some of the foregoing observations, the current position of the market seems quite similar to 1998-1999 when the 20 year bear market in gold concluded: gold was a joke, investor exuberance in stocks was unprecedented, and the investment consensus was for endless fair weather. For those seeking an uncorrelated asset to protect wealth accumulated in the bull market of the past four years, we respectfully suggest getting reacquainted with this pariah.

The fundamental rationale for exposure to gold remains in our opinion rock solid and unchanged from five years ago: radical monetary policies will lead to debasement of paper currencies and in so doing will undermine wealth that is wrapped in financial assets. This has not been a profitable or popular view since August of 2011 when gold peaked at $1900/oz. Central bank balance sheet expansion and money printing has not caused the sort of inflation that would prove troublesome to the financial markets. In fact, just the opposite has occurred. Money printing has pumped up financial asset values to extreme and most likely dangerous levels, while cost of living inflation has remained muted. The bull market in equities and bonds has been a major headwind for precious metals.

Compared to 2008, global financial leverage has increased 40% to $100 trillion. This record leverage is manageable only because interest rates are historically low. Extreme high valuations of financial assets are supported by DCF models based on ultra-low interest rates. Higher interest rates will (1) undermine fundamentals, making record debt levels more problematic, and (2) deflate valuations of the anticipated future cash flow generated by equities, junk bonds, and sovereign debt.

The catalysts for a dynamic upward shift in the direction of precious metals are numerous but the timing remains elusive. If the bull case for gold were to be widely articulated, the upside potential would not be compelling. If the timing were clear, it would be uncharacteristic of the start of a prolonged advance in any market.

The many catalysts that could drive gold higher are precisely those that the market consensus does not expect, wish for, explain away, or simply ignores. These include but are not limited to problematic inflation, a potential bear market in financial assets, economic stagnation or decline, a lengthy period of rising interest rates, continued flow of bad news on the geopolitical front, the stealthy resurgence of counterparty risk, the steady marginalization of the dollar as the world’s reserve currency or, most likely, a combination thereof. Therefore, we view the upside potential to be as attractive as in 1999, before the 7.5x advance in the USD bullion price in the ensuing 12 years commenced.

We find that many investors who follow gold are on the sidelines, perhaps overly mindful of the poor performance of the past two years, and focused on market timing instead of the compelling long term picture. However, in the context of Western capital markets, such investors account for only a small sliver of the potential buying power. Gold and gold mining shares have never, in our opinion, been seriously considered as

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