Dinosaur Footprints Provide Glimpse Of A Warmer Alaska

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Dinosaur Footprints Provide Glimpse Of A Warmer Alaska

The footprints of a hadrosaurs, a long extinct dinosaur with a bill resembling that of a modern duck, have been found preserved in Alaska. The footprints, evidence of which was published in a study by Perot Museum of Nature and Science, are thought to be more than 70 million years old and reside in Denali National Park. The study was published in the latest issue of scientific journal Geology.

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The study was authored by Anthony R. Fiorillo, PhD, the Perot Museum’s curator of earth sciences, Stephen Hasiotis, PhD, of the University of Kansas’ Department of Geology and Yoshitsugu Kobayashi, PhD, of the Hokkaido University Museum. The site of the footprints was originally discovered in 2007 and has since been properly surveyed by a team of scientists and other experts.

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Alaskan dinosaur footprint discovery

According to Anthony R. Fiorillo, one of the authors of the study, “Without question, Denali is one of the best dinosaur footprint localities in the world, but what we found that last day was incredible – so many tracks, so big, and so well preserved.” Fiorillo added “There were lots of invertebrate traces – the tracks of bugs, worms, larvae and more – which were important to us because they showed an ecosystem existed during the warm parts of the years.”

According to the study the footprints are from four distinct sizes of dinosaur, baby, juvenile, sub-adult and adult and ranged from a size of 5 inches right up to a colossal 24 inches in length. Stephen Hasiotis, another of the scientists who studied the site, said that “The Denali tracksite is extremely significant to the reconstruction of this Cretaceous high latitude polar ecosystem as it demonstrates higher annual temperatures compared to the present-day climate.”

The scientists posit that the discovery gives weight to a thesis detailing a much more active polar ecosystem in the distant past. Evidence from the preserved footprints suggests that all manner of animal life was present in the area, which is now in close to Tundra conditions for a good proportion of the year.

Giant dinosaur herds

The hadrosaurus, named after its bulky stature, is thought to have lived in large herds in Alaska. The animals were herbivores and survived by grazing on the plant life that existed in the area. Because of the small size of some of the footprints, about 13% of the tracks were from the baby range, it is thought that the dinosaurs lived in the area through winter. That implies a much greater range, and weight, of life in the area than exists today.

The hadrosaurs is often though of as the livestock of the dinosaur world. The beast, which lived in the Cretaceous period, lived in giant herds and may have formed part of the staple diet of many larger predators. The discovery of the animal’s footprints in the Alaskan National Park is an important one and, as Mr. Fiorillo says “one of the best dinosaur footprint localities in the world.”

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  1. NO MEAT-EATING ANIMALS EXISTED IN THE BEGINNING

    The Bible teaches in Genesis 1:30 that in the beginning all animals, birds, and insects subsisted on a vegetarian diet. God created a perfect world in the beginning. There was no struggle for survival, no disharmony and fighting among God’s creatures. Suffering and death entered into the world only after man’s sin.

    If there were no meat-eating animals in the beginning, then how do you explain the sharp teeth of dinosaurs? The panda bear, a living species today, has among the sharpest teeth of any creature but it mostly subsists on bamboo. Sharp teeth don’t necessarily mean the animal was carnivorous.

    No doubt, after sin entered the world, the animal world went through many transformations for life in a harsh world, but the world still was not as harsh as it would be after the great flood of Noah’s day.

    Before the world-wide flood, there was no rain on the earth. That’s why mankind never saw a rainbow until after the great flood. How did crops get water? The Bible says in Genesis 2:6 that a mist arose from the earth which watered the whole face of the earth.

    Before the great flood, the entire earth had a warm and temperate climate, even the North and South Poles. This is why fossils of tropical plants and animals have been found in the polar regions of the earth.

    What gave the earth such a temperate climate? The Bible teaches in Genesis 1:7 that there was a great body of water above the sky. This feature would have had a greenhouse effect for the earth so that even the Polar Regions, furthest away from the sun, would have been warm.

    When the great flood occurred, the Bible teaches in Genesis 7:11 that great amounts of water burst from under the earth and together with the water falling from above the sky, the entire earth became inundated with water and even the earth’s land mass started to break and divide. It was this world-wide flood that caused the sudden death and fossilization of animals and plants over all the earth.

    Before the flood there were no great mountains on the earth. The Bible teaches in Psalms 104:8 that God raised great mountains from the earth during the flood so that the flood waters could recede into new ocean basins.

    Before the worldwide flood, Noah was commanded to build an ark to save a remnant of human kind and other land forms of life. According to Genesis 6:14-16, the Ark was at least 450 feet long, 75 feet wide and 45 feet high. It was one long box that would be stable and couldn’t capsize or overturn during the ravaging period of the flood.

    Noah wasn’t required to take every animal into the Ark, only two of each “kind,” male and female of the land animals. Many of the sea animals would have been able to survive through the flood. The first pair of dogs in the Ark would have carried the recessive and dominant genes for producing all the varieties of dogs we have today. The same would be the case with all the other animals. God says in Genesis 1 ten different times that all life must reproduce after its “kind.” We know from science that there are genetic limits to biological variations in natural species. A dog will always be a dog no matter how many varieties come into being. The genetic and biological similarities between all forms of life are due to a common Designer (God) Who designed similar functions for similar purposes in all of the various forms of life.

    What about “Junk DNA?” It’s not junk.
    It’s we who were ignorant of their usefulness. These so-called
    “non-coding” segments of DNA have recently been shown to be vital in
    regulating gene expression (i.e. when, where, and how genes are expressed, so
    they’re not “junk”). Even more recent scientific evidence shows that
    they do code for proteins, after all, and that we need to readjust our thinking
    of how the cell reads the genetic code (Read “Human Proteome More Complex
    Than Previously Thought,” Internet article by Dr. Jeffrey Tomkins). Read
    my popular Internet article: HOW FORENSIC SCIENCE REFUTES ATHEISM

    God created all species, including micro-organisms, as complete and fully functioning from the very beginning. They couldn’t survive any other way. A partially-evolved species wouldn’t be fit for survival. Darwinian evolutionary theory would have us believe that, by random forces of nature, partially-evolved species came into existence along with partially-evolved skin, muscles, nerves, tissues, organs and then survived over millions of years as they eventually became complete. What utter nonsense!

    What about natural selection? Natural selection doesn’t produce biological traits or variations. Natural selection has limits because it can only “select” from biological variations that are possible and which have survival value.

    Visit the author’s popular Internet site: THE SCIENCE SUPPORTING CREATION

    Babu G. Ranganathan

    (B.A. Bible/Biology)

    Author of the popular Internet article, TRADITIONAL DOCTRINE OF HELL EVOLVED FROM GREEK ROOTS

    The author, Babu G. Ranganathan, has his bachelor’s degree with concentrations in theology and biology and has been recognized for his writings on religion and science in the 24th edition of Marquis “Who’s Who in The East.

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