Video and transcript below:
Bridget Hughes : Hi, my name is Bridget Hughes. I’m one of the analysts here at Morningstar, and I’m here this morning with the winners of our International Fund Manager of the Year Award for 2011 . They are the portfolio managers of Tweedy, Browne Global Value, as well as the three other Tweedy, Browne mutual fund offerings. And we’ll start here with John Spears, Bob Wyckoff, Will Browne, and Tom Shrager. Thanks, guys, for coming in this morning, and congratulations on the award.
Just to kind of summarize what happened this year, the Global Value Fund did drop about 4% in 2011, but that’s about a third of the loss of the MSCI EAFE Index, and foreign large-value funds on average dropped also about more than 12%. So, you held up well in a tough and rocky, volatile environment, so congratulations on doing that.
I know you don’t build the portfolio, construct the portfolio, based on the kind of macro events that drove a lot of the returns in 2011, but what is it about your strategy that sets the fund up nicely time and time again for these times of strife? This isn’t the first time that the fund has been resilient.
John Spears : We’ve always used the same strategy. We’ve been using this same strategy since we … Will and I have been partners together since the 1970s, and the whole idea is that we are buying shares in a business, not a piece of paper, and if you and I own the whole company, what’s the business worth? We value companies by looking at what similar businesses have sold for, and then we try to buy in at big discounts to that value–typically a third, 40%, sometimes 50%, or less, of that estimated value. And those stocks are often in the lower deciles and quintiles on statistical measures that have been correlated in various empirical studies, stocks that tend to do better like low P/E, low price to book, high dividend yield, … enterprise value to EBIT, EBITDA, that kind of statistical measure is related to doing better than average.
William Browne : And I’d add to that, I think one of the biggest difficulties anybody has in decision-making, whether it’s investing, love, eating, is temperament, and you’ve got to find some way to deal with temperament. Temperament … works at cross purposes with good decision-making. I saw a statistic the other day, which said that the average mutual fund, correct me if I am wrong, but over 20 years ending in ’08, compounded at about 8%, the average investor in the fund compounded at less than 2%–that’s temperament.
And you have to find some way to anchor yourself in some more objective, if you will, measures, so that you can be more rational in your decision-making, and that comes out to process. Process gives you an anchor off from which you can work and make your decisions.
The other thing, I think, that we have which helps us is, we come at this with a very different time horizon than a lot of people. Some say
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