I often choose books to read from recommendations of the Investment Masters. I wanted to learn more about the late Lee Kuan Yew, the Prime Minster of Singapore for three decades, given Charlie Munger often praises him. Lee Kuan Lew took a swampland and turned it into a developed country in one generation.
The book 'Lee Kuan Yew - The Grand Master's Insights on China, the United States, and the World' gathers key insights from interviews, speeches, and Lee's voluminous published writings and presents them in an engaging question and answer format.
Lee Kuan Yew thought deeply about how to take Singapore up the ladder of economic prosperity and had incredible insights into how the world worked.
I was fascinated by the extent to which the lessons and insights of this great leader and his country overlap with those of great businesses and their CEOs. In many ways Lee Kuan Yew thought about, and ran his country, like a business. His thinking process mirrors many of the great investors.
It's a very easy book to read, I finished it over in a weekend. I've included some of the more interesting observations..
"The Chinese have calculated that they need 30 to 40, maybe 50 years of peace and quiet to catch up, build up their system, change it from the communist system to the market system"
"I believe the Chinese leadership has learnt that if you compete with America in armaments you will lose. You will bankrupt yourself. So avoid it, keep your head down, and smile, for 40 or 50 years"
"China will inevitably catch up to the US in absolute GDP. But it's creativity may never match Americas, because its culture does not permit free exchange and contest of ideas"
"Technology is going to make their system of governance obsolete."
"[Not having English as a first language] is a serious handicap.. Talent will not go to China"
"The US is the most militarily powerful and economically dynamic country in the world. It is the engine for global growth through its innovation and consumption"
"Throughout history, all empires that succeeded have embraced and included in their midst people of other races, languages, religions and cultures"
"What has made the US economy preeminent is its entrepreneurial culture .. Entrepreneurs and investors alike see risk and failure as natural and necessary for success"
"In an era of rapid technological change, Americans have shown that those countries with the largest number of start-ups, especially in the IT sector, which venture capitalists finance, will be winners in this next phase"
"Many American practices go against the grain of the more comfortable and communitarian cultural systems of their own societies [the European and Japanese]"
"The Americans have succeeded as against the Europeans and the Japanese because they have more extremes of random behaviour"
"America has a clear advantage over China, because its use of the English language enables America to attract millions of English-speaking foreign talent from Asia and Europe"
"Security, prosperity, and the consumer society plus mass communications have made for a different kind of person getting elected as a leader .. who can present himself and his programs in a polished way... From such a process, I doubt if a Churchill, a Roosevelt, or a de Gaulle can emerge"
"The US must not let is fiscal deficits come to grief"
"The world has developed because of the stability America established. If that stability is rocked, we are going to have a different situation"
America and China
"There will be a struggle for influence, I think it will be subdued because the Chinese need the US, need US markets, US technology, need to have students going to the US to study ways and means of doing business so they can improve their lot. It will take them 10,20, 30 years"
"India has wasted decades in state planning and controls that have bogged it down in bureaucracy and corruption'. The caste system has been the enemy of meritocracy"
"India has poor infrastucture, high administrative and regulatory barriers to business, and large fiscal deficits, especially at the state level which are a drag on investment and job creation"
"It is not one nation, but 32 different nations speaking 330 different dialects"
"India's private sector is superior to China's .. Indian companies follow international rules of corporate governance and higher return on equity as against Chinese companies. And India has transparent and functioning capital markets"
"The moment India has the infrastructure in place, investments will come in, and it will catch up very fast"
"India's system of democracy and rule of law gives it a long-term advantage over China, although in the early phases, China has the advantage of faster implementation of its reforms"
"My definition of Singapore.. is that we accept that whoever joins us is part of us"
"[How did] Singapore make a living against neighbours who have more natural resources, human resources, and bigger space? How did we differentiate ourselves from them? They are not clean systems; we run clean systems. Their rule of law is wonky, we stick to the law. Once we come to an agreement or make a decision, we stick to it. We become credible to investors."
"I offered every parent a choice of English and their mother tongue, in whatever order they chose"
"The quality of a nation's manpower resources is the single most important factor determining competitiveness. It is people's innovativeness, entrepreneurship, team work, and their work ethic that give them that sharp keen edge in competitiveness"
"Standing still is a sure way to extinction"
"Our education system is being revamped to nurture innovation and creativity, from kindergarten to university, and on to lifelong learning"
"The internet makes markets more contestable, businesses in Asia must compete on this platform or be swept aside"
"Societies that succeed are those which easily assimilate foreigners. Silicon valley is such a place"
"For a modern economy to succeed, a whole population must be educated"
"We have to start experimenting. The easy things - just getting a blank mind to take knowledge in and become