2016 Dividend Kings List: Dividend Stocks With 50+ Years Of Rising Dividends by Ben Reynolds
The Dividend Kings are the best of the best in dividend longevity.
What is a Dividend King?
Dividend Kings are stocks that have paid increasing dividends for 50 or more consecutive years.
The downloadable Dividend Kings Spreadsheet List below contains the following for each stock in the index:
- Dividend yield
- 10 Year total return
- 10 Year dividend growth rate
- Consecutive years of dividend increases
Click here to download my Dividend Kings Excel spreadsheet list now. Keep reading this article to learn more.
A company must have an extremely durable competitive advantage to pay increasing dividends for 5 consecutive decades. There’s no way around it.
There are currently 18 Dividend Kings. Each Dividend King satisfies the primary requirement to be a Dividend Aristocrat (25 years of consecutive dividend increases) twice over.
The table of contents below lists out all 18 Dividend Kings so you can jump to analysis of each specific company quickly:
- American States Water (AWR)
- Cincinnati Financial (CINF)
- Colgate-Palmolive (CL)
- Dover Corporation (DOV)
- Emerson Electric (EMR)
- Farmers & Merchants Bancorp (FMCB)
- Genuine Parts Company (GPC)
- Hormel Foods (HRL)
- Johnson & Johnson (JNJ)
- Coca-Cola (KO)
- Lancaster Colony (LANC)
- Lowe’s (LOW)
- 3M (MMM)
- Nordson (NDSN)
- Northwest Natural Gas (NWN)
- Parker-Hannifin (PH)
- Procter & Gamble (PG)
- Vectren (VVC)
Dividend Kings & Performance
From 1991 through 2015, the S&P 500 Index has returned 9.8% a year. For every $1 invested in the S&P 500 at the start of 1991, an investor would have $10.45 (all returns in this article include dividends unless stated otherwise).
Investing in an equal weighted basket of the 18 current Dividend Kings in 1991 (and rebalancing each year) would have generated compound returns of 14.0% a year (over 4 percentage points greater than the S&P 500). Every $1 invested would have turned into $26.67.
All but 1 current Dividend King outperformed the market since 1991 (the exception is Northwest Natural Gas).
The image below shows the return of each Dividend King by year from 1991 through 2015.
- ‘Average’ is the equal-weighted average of all Dividend Kings for the year
- ‘Difference’ is the performance of an equal weighted portfolio of Dividend Kings versus the S&P 500
Note: FMCB is thinly traded; price data was not available for the entire period.
Comparing the 18 Dividend Kings above to the S&P 500 would not be a fair comparison as the Dividend Kings ‘index’ includes look-back bias.
Put another way, at the beginning of 1991, we didn’t know what stocks with 25 or more years of rising dividends would go on to have another 25 years of rising dividends.
In 1991 there were 38 Dividend Aristocrats. There are 18 Dividend Kings, so more than half the Dividend Aristocrats of 1991 fell off the list.
Every single stock that didn’t fall off the list produced returns significantly in excess of the S&P 500.
While it’s not fair to compare performance due to look-back bias, it is very informative to see that stocks that are able to continuously increase their dividend payments year after year substantially outperform the S&P 500.
Looking for businesses that have a long history of dividend increases isn’t a perfect way to predict future stocks that will increase their dividends every year, but there is considerable consistency in the Dividend Kings (and Dividend Aristocrats) Indices.
This article will take a look at each of the current Dividend Kings to determine which ones are suitable investments likely to have decades more dividend growth – and which ones aren’t as timely.
The long-term dividend growth rate, current dividend yield, and long-term total return of each stock are shown, as well as how many consecutive years of dividend increases each stock has. Stocks are analyzed in alphabetical order.
Each of the Dividend Kings is analyzed below.
American States Water (AWR)
Dividend Yield: 2.3%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 12.1% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 7.4% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 61 years
American States Water is a water utility operating in California. The company also operates an unregulated water utility service provider business serving military bases under 50 year contracts.
American States Water was founded in 1929 and has grown to a market cap of $1.5 billion.
The company generates around 85% of its earnings from regulated water and electric utility operations, and 15% from its unregulated business. American States Water reported solid results in its most recent quarter. Earnings grew 9.8%.
The company’s unregulated ASUS segment serves 9 military bases under 50 year contracts. American States Water’s best growth prospects come from its ASUS segment.
The United States military is currently privatizing more of its bases’ water utility needs. Active bids are currently in process. American States Water plans to grow through winning these bids for new military bases.
American States Water company’s success is a result of sticking to what the company does best. The utility industry is low risk and offers very stable cash flows. American States Water has allocated capital from its primary utility business well. It bids on lucrative military contracts that have higher margins than its utility business. If it wins bids, it invests money to service new military bases. If the company doesn’t, it has a long history of returning cash to shareholders through both dividends and share repurchases.
Over the last decade, American States Water has compound investor returns at 14.5% a year. The company’s dividend payments have grown at 7.4% a year while earnings-per-share have grown at 10.2% a year. American States Water’s growth will likely continue at about the same rate as it has over the last decade.
The company currently trades for a price-to-earnings ratio of 24.8. This is on the high end given the company’s solid-but-not rapid growth rate. American States Water is an excellent business that is currently trading at a somewhat inflated price-to-earnings multiple.
Fair value for the stock would be a price-to-earnings ratio of around 20; its 10 year historical average price-to-earnings ratio.
The stock will likely be a strong buy when/if the price-to-earnings ratio falls into the teens.
Cincinnati Financial (CINF)
Dividend Yield: 2.5%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 7.8% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 3.4% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 55 years
Cincinnati Financial is a property and casualty insurer with operations in the United States. The company was established in 1958 and has increased its dividend payments for 56 consecutive years.
The company sells insurance policies through its network of independent agents. Cincinnati Financial has grown to reach a market cap of $12.7 billion.
What sets Cincinnati Financial apart from other insurers is its large equity exposure in its insurance float. The company invests 35% of its insurance float into blue-chip stocks. The image below gives more details on its equity portfolio:
Source: Cincinnati Financial May Investor Presentation, slide 17
This is about twice as much exposure to equities as the industry average (excluding Berkshire Hathaway). Cincinnati Financials’ above average equity exposure helps it to perform well during bull markets, but hurts it during bear markets when equity values fall. Since equities have historically outperformed fixed income investments over long periods of time, Cincinnati Financials’ above-average exposure to equities is reasonable.
Cincinnati Financial has had below-average 10 year total returns and dividend growth. The company has struggled to maintain profitable underwriting operations over the last decade. Cincinnati Financial had underwriting losses in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, and 2012 – a streak of 5 consecutive years. This weak performance dampened the company’s equity portfolio gains from the recovery of the Great Recession from 2009 to today. Book value grew at just 1.5% a year over the last decade – somewhere around the rate of inflation.
On the positive side, Cincinnati Financial stock currently has an above-average 2.5% dividend yield.
The company currently trades for a price-to-earnings ratio of 20.2. This is well above its historical average price-to-earnings ratio of 15.9 over the last decade.
Investors in Cincinnati Financial should not expect rapid growth going forward. If the market enters another protracted bear market, the company’s book value will decline.
Other insurers with long dividend histories will likely have better returns than Cincinnati Financial over the next several years. Read more Cincinnati Financial analysis on Sure Dividend here.
Dividend Yield: 2.1%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 10.8%
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 9.0%
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 54 years
Colgate-Palmolive is one of the most impressive branded consumer goods businesses in the world. The company has grown to a market cap of $67 billion thanks to its portfolio of well-managed brands, many of which are shown in the image below:
Colgate-Palmolive supports its strong global brands with large marketing spending. The company has spent between $1.5 billion and $1.9 billion on advertising in each of the last 5 years. The cumulative effect of large advertising spending increases brand awareness for the company and leads to revenue growth.
Colgate-Palmolive is the market leader in many of its categories throughout the world. The image below shows the company’s market leadership position by product and geographical location:
Colgate-Palmolive’s future growth will be driven by several key factors. The company is expecting continued growth in emerging markets. Emerging markets sales grew 7% on a constant currency basis in fiscal 2015.
Additionally, the company plans to grow by increasing gross margin through price increases, primarily in emerging markets. The company’s global growth and efficiency program should help to further reduce expenses which will also help the bottom line. The company will use these savings to increase advertising spending, further reinforcing growth.
Colgate-Palmolive is a world-class business. Unfortunately, the stock is trading at a lofty forward price-to-earnings ratio of 24.3 at this time. Colgate-Palmolive has grown earnings-per-share at about 5.6% over the last decade – hardly worthy of its current high valuation.
At current prices, investors should wait to enter into a position in Colgate-Palmolive. With that said, the company should trade for a premium multiple due to the safety of its brands. A fair price-to-earnings ratio for the company is around 20, in line with its historical average over the last decade. Read more Colgate-Palmolive analysis on Sure Dividend here.
Dover Corporation (DOV)
Dividend Yield: 2.1%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 7.0% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 11.8% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 61 years
Dover recently announced its 61st dividend increase; an increase of 5%.
Dover Corporation is a diversified manufacturer with a market cap of $11.6 billion. The company operates in 4 segments. Each segment is listed below along with the percent of total earnings generated by each segment for Dover in fiscal 2015:
- Fluids: 24% of total revenue
- Energy: 23% of total revenue
- Engineered Systems: 38% of total revenue
- Refrigeration & Food Equipment: 16% of total revenue
Dover Corporation has struggled recently due to low oil prices which have temporarily reduced earnings in the company’s Energy segment. Additionally, the strong U.S. dollar versus other currencies has hurt the company’s reported earnings. Still, Dover offers solid growth potential for long-term investors.
Over the last decade, Dover grew earnings-per-share at 7.5% a year. The company will likely realize similar earnings-per-share growth over the next decade.
Dover is currently restructuring its manufacturing portfolio. The company recently divested its label printing unit for $185 million as well as its aerospace and defense unit for $500 million.
Dover’s recent divestitures are part of an ongoing plan to streamline operating efficiency. The company plans to increase top line growth through international acquisitions. International acquisitions will provide the company with greater access to international markets. Over the past 3 years, Dover has spent over $2 billion on acquisitions. This trend should continue over the next several years, which will propel growth.
Dover Corporation is currently trading at a price-to-earnings ratio of 21.0. The company is likely trading a bit above fair value at this time. Read more Dover analysis on Sure Dividend here.
Emerson Electric (EMR)
Dividend Yield: 3.6%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 3.9%
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 6.8%
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 59 years
Emerson Electric is a diversified manufacturer with a market cap of $34 billion. The company has over 230 manufacturing facilities and 130,000 employees around the world. Emerson Electric is very much a global company, with less than 50% of revenue coming from the United States and Canada.
Emerson Electric’s operations are broken down into 5 segments. Each segment is shown below along with the percentage of total earnings each segment generated in fiscal 2015.
- Process Management: 46% of total earnings
- Industrial Automation: 15% of total earnings
- Network Power: 9% of total earnings
- Climate Technologies: 19% of total earnings
- Commercial & Residential Solutions: 12% of total earnings
Emerson Electric is experiencing negative headwinds from both falling oil prices and a stronger United States dollar. The strong dollar hurts Emerson Electric as over half of its revenue is generated internationally. When the company exchanges currency back into dollars, it sees the negative effects of changing currency rates.
The company is also exposed to oil prices as it manufactures products for the oil industry. About 12% of the company’s sales are generated in upstream oil and another 22% of sales are generates in midstream and downstream oil. Low oil prices will hurt upstream sales, but could provide a boost to midstream and downstream sales.
Despite the company’s current slowdown, management has plans for continued growth. The company will recover from both a strong United States Dollar and low oil prices as they are not permanent conditions. The dollar will fluctuate downward and oil prices will rise at some point in the future.
When they do, Emerson Electric will look like a better investment. The company’s long-term earnings-per-share growth goals are 8% to 10% a year. Over the last decade, the company grew earnings-per-share at 8.6% a year. Emerson Electric will likely hit the low end of its growth goals over the next several years. The image below shows the company’s growth opportunities:
Source: 3rd Quarter 2016 Presentation, slide 15
Emerson Electric stock currently trades for a price-to-earnings ratio of 19.1, which is a bit above its long-term historical average of 17.1. With that said, earnings are temporarily depressed. Emerson Electric is likely trading around fair value at current prices. Read more Emerson Electric analysis on Sure Dividend here.
Farmers & Merchants Bancorp (FMCB)
Dividend Yield: 2.2%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 4.2% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 3.2% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 50 Years
Farmers & Merchants Bancorp is one of the newest Dividend Kings. 2015 marks the company’s 50th consecutive dividend increase.
The company’s stock is very thinly traded. Most days, no shares trade hands. Farmers & Merchants Bancorp is by far the smallest Dividend King. The company currently has a market cap of just $475 million. The stock almost forces its holders to be long-term investors as there are simply so few shares traded.
Farmers & Merchants Bancorp is a community bank chain located only in California. The company has a total of 25 locations and was founded in 1916. The company has conservative business practices which have led to sustained growth over the last 99 years.
Over the last 5 years, Farmers & Merchants Bancorp has compounded its earnings-per-share at 4.8% a year. The company should continue growing a few percentage points faster than GDP growth in the area it serves. I expect future earning-per-share growth of 4% to 6% a year for Farmers & Merchants Bancorp. This growth combined with the company’s current 2.5% dividend yield gives investors expected total returns of 6.5% to 8.5% a year.
The company’s stock currently trades for a price-to-earnings multiple of 16.5. This appears to be about fair value for this sleepy company.
What stands out about Farmers & Merchants Bancorp is how inactive its shares are. The company does not have any substantial growth catalysts, though an eventual take over by a larger bank is possible given Farmers & Merchants relatively small size.
Genuine Parts Company (GPC)
Dividend Yield: 2.5%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 10.5% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 6.8% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 60 Years
Genuine Parts Company was founded in 1928 and now has a market cap of $15 billion. The company distributes automotive replacement parts, industrial replacement parts, office products, and electrical/electronic material. The image below gives an overview of the company
Source: Genuine Parts Company May 2016 Investor Presentation, slide 4
Genuine Parts Company’s operations are split into 4 segments. The percentage of total operating income generated by each segment in fiscal 2015 is shown below:
- Automotive Parts: 58% of total revenue
- Industrial Parts: 25% of total revenue
- Office Products: 11% of total revenue
- Electrical/Electronic Materials: 6% of total revenue
The Automotive Parts segment owns the well-known NAPA Auto Parts brand. The Industrial Parts segment operates under the Motion Industries Brand. The Office Products segment operates under the SP Richards name. Finally, the Electrical/Electronic Materials segment operates under the EIS name.
NAPA Auto Parts is the largest growth driver for Genuine Parts Company. NAPA is the leading distributor of automotive replacement parts in North America. The company recently expanded into Australia and New Zealand with the purchase of Repco. The company has added more than 50 new stores since the purchase of Repco and is now the market leader in Australia and New Zealand.
Motion Industries is Genuine Parts Company’s other significant growth driver. The segment is the leader in industrial maintenance/repair/operation parts in North America. Both NAPA and Motion Industries benefit from Genuine Parts Company’s strong distribution network and economies of scale which drive the company’s competitive advantage.
Over the last decade, Genuine Parts Company has compounded earnings-per-share at 7% a year. The company’s long-term goal is to deliver earnings-per-share growth of 7% to 10% a year. Genuine Parts Company will likely deliver on this earnings-per-share growth goal as its strong distribution network and economies of scale continue to grow.
The company’s stock is currently trading for a price-to-earnings ratio of 22.3. This is a bit above the company’s historical average price-to-earnings ratio. Genuine Parts Company is likely trading above fair value at current prices. Read more Genuine Parts Company analysis on Sure Dividend here.
Dividend Yield: 1.5%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 19.6% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 16.0% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 50 years
Hormel is the newest member of the Dividend Kings. The company became a Dividend King in January of 2016. The company was founded in 1891 by George Hormel in the small town of Austin, Minnesota. Today, the company has grown to reach a market cap of over $20 billion.
Hormel has assembled a strong portfolio of food brands:
Source: Hormel Foods Company Website
More than 30 of Hormel’s brands hold the #1 or #2 position in their respective market category. The company’s competitive advantage comes from built up brand equity.
Over the last 3 years, Hormel has averaged advertising expenditures of about $100 million a year. The company only spends around 1% of sales revenue a year on advertising. This is far below what many other packaged foods companies spend.
Hormel does not need to advertise as much as its peers because many of its brands are already very well known. Skippy, Spam, and Hormel are all well-known brands. For younger consumers, Applegate Organics, Muscle Milk, and Jennie-O are likely very well known.
Where Hormel differentiates itself from its competitors is its growth through acquisitions. The company has realized excellent growth by acquiring up-and-coming brands and then growing them.
Hormel’s growth strategy has worked out well for shareholders. The company has compounded earnings-per-share at 10.5% a year over the last decade. Dividends have grown even faster over the last decade – at 16% a year.
Going forward, I expect Hormel to continue growing earning-per-share somewhere between 9% and 11% a year. In addition, the company has a dividend yield of ~1.5%. Shareholders should expect total returns of 10.5% to 12.5% a year going forward from Hormel.
Hormel is currently trading for a price-to-earnings ratio of 25.0. The company is likely a bit overvalued at current prices, but remains an excellent long-term hold. Read more Hormel analysis on Sure Dividend here.
Johnson & Johnson (JNJ)
Dividend Yield: 2.7%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 8.4% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 8.0% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 54 years
Johnson & Johnson is one of the most stable businesses in the world. The company has increased its adjusted earnings-per-share for 32 consecutive years.
The company has been able to achieve sustained success through diversification within the health care industry and geographical diversification. Johnson & Johnson currently generates more revenue outside the United States than inside.
The company operates in 3 large market-leading segments:
- Medical Devices
The image below shows the consistent sustained success of Johnson & Johnson:
The key brands in the company’s consumer segment are: Motrin, Tylenol, Benadryl, Zyrtec, Band-Aid, Listerine, Aveeno, Neutrogena, and Johnson’s.
The pharmaceutical segment’s key drugs are: Zytiga for prostate cancer, Remicade for Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative Colitis, Invega Sustenna for schizophrenia, Olysio for Hepatitis, Stelara for plaque psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis, and Simponi for rheumatoid arthritis.
The company’s medical devices segment generates 85% of sales from products with #1 or #2 market share position.
Over the last decade, Johnson & Johnson has grown earnings-per-share at 6.1% a year. The company is not in a rapid growth phase.
The appeal of Johnson & Johnson shares are their stability. Johnson & Johnson’s stock price standard deviation is one of the lowest of any business over the last decade – even lower than stable utilities like Consolidated Edison (ED) and Southern Company (SO).
In addition to its stable growth, Johnson & Johnson offers shareholders a dividend yield of 2.7%. The company’s above-average dividend yield and stability should appeal to income oriented investors in or near retirement who should opt for less risk.
It is highly likely that Johnson & Johnson will continue to deliver dividend increases year-in-and-year-out as the health care industry continues to grow. Johnson & Johnson is currently trading at a forward price-to-earnings ratio of 16.8. Johnson & Johnson is likely trading around fair value at current prices. Read more analysis of Johnson & Johnson on Sure Dividend here.
Dividend Yield: 3.2%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 9.8% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 8.4% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 54 years
Coca-Cola is one of the most iconic publicly traded stocks. The company’s namesake soda is known throughout the world and is a symbol of America.
Coca-Cola is famously a long-time Warren Buffett dividend stock holding. Coca-Cola has grown over the last several decades thanks to international expansion and growth in still (non-carbonated) beverages.
Coca-Cola currently owns 20 brands that generate more than $1 billion per year in sales. Three new brands joined the billion dollar club in 2014: Gold Peak Tea, FUZE Tea, and I LOHAS Mineral Water. It is notable that all three of these brands are non-carbonated.
Coca-Cola is a global beverage company, not a U.S. soda company – the distinction is critical. The image below shows all 20 of Coca-Cola’s billion dollar brands:
Coca-Cola expects constant-currency earnings-per-share to grow at between 7% and 9% over the next several years. This level of growth is in-line with earnings-per-share growth over the last decade of 7.2%. Coca-Cola’s growth combined with its dividend yield of 3.2% gives investors an expected return of over 10%; not bad for a highly stable business in a slow-changing industry. Going forward, Coca-Cola expects to achieve its growth through both productivity gains and further international growth.
Coca-Cola currently trades for a price-to-earnings ratio of 20.5 (using adjusted earnings-per-share). The company is trading a bit above its historical average price-to-earnings ratio and is likely on the high side of fair value. Read more Coca-Cola analysis on Sure Dividend here.
Lancaster Colony (LANC)
Dividend Yield: 1.5%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 15.3%
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 7.1%
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 53 years
Lancaster Colony sells regional specialty food products under the Marzetti, Flatout Bread, New York, and Sister Shubert’s brands. Lancaster Colony was founded in 1961 and now has a market cap of $3.7 billion.
The company is significantly smaller than other giant consumer products Dividend Kings like Coca-Cola, Colgate-Palmolive, and Procter & Gamble. Lancaster Colony spun-off its candle division in 2014 to focus its operations and become strictly a food business.
Lancaster Colony has no debt and about $100 million of cash on its balance sheet. The company recently acquired Flatoutbread in a move to spur growth.
Lancaster’s strategy is clearly working…
The company is on pace to deliver 19% earnings-per-share growth this year. The company will likely be able to deliver better growth over the next decade than the previous thanks to its better-focused brand portfolio.
The company operates in a slow changing industry as well. The company’s branded consumer food products give it a durable competitive advantage.
Unfortunately for investors looking to start a position in Lancaster Colony, the company currently trades at a price-to-earnings ratio of 30.7 – which is significantly higher than the S&P 500’s current price-to-earnings ratio of about 25 – as well as the company’s historical average price-to-earnings ratio.
At current prices, Lancaster Colony is not a buy. Patient investors should wait for the company’s price-to-earnings ratio to fall below 20 before considering starting a position in Lancaster.
Dividend Yield: 1.8%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 12.3% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 21.1% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 54 years
Lowe’s is the second largest big-box home improvement store in the U.S., behind only Home Depot (HD). Lowe’s has a market cap of $68 billion versus $167 billion for Home Depot.
Lowe’s was founded in North Carolina in 1946 and went public in 1961. Lowe’s owns and operates around 1,840 stores across North America.
Lowe’s is expecting robust 25% earnings-per-share growth in fiscal 2016. Lowe’s has performed exceptionally in recent years. The company sees rapid growth in earnings when the United States economy (and housing market) is booming.
Recessions bring the company back down to earth. In contrast to expected fiscal 2016 growth, the company’s growth has been less-than-stellar over the last decade. Lowe’s has seen earnings-per-share grow at about 5% a year over the last decade.
The company reduced its share count by 5.3% a year over the same time period. This means that all growth was a result of share repurchases; net profit actually declined slightly over the last decade for Lowe’s.
For comparison, Home Depot grew earnings-per-share by 5.9% over the same time period, with share repurchases averaging about 5.3% points a year (the same as Lowe’s). Despite controlling significant market share in the U.S. big-box home improvement industry, neither Lowe’s or Home Depot has seen significant profit growth in the last decade.
On the positive side, Lowe’s 5%+ share repurchases and 1.8% dividend yield gives investors a shareholder yield of 6.8%. Additional growth is a bonus. The best time to buy into Lowe’s is during economic declines when the stock’s price is depressed. Read more Lowe’s analysis on Sure Dividend here.
Dividend Yield: 2.5%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 10.4% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 9.8% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 58 years
3M is among the largest diversified manufacturers in the world. The company currently has a market cap of over $109 billion. 3M is not an overnight success. The company was founded in 1902 and has grown through innovation sustained for over a century.
3M operates in 5 segments. Each segment is listed below along with the percentage of total operating earnings generated by each segment in fiscal 2015 for 3M:
- Industrial: 30% of total operating income
- Safety & Graphics: 18% of total operating income
- Health Care: 23% of total operating income
- Electronics & Energy: 15% of total operating income
- Consumer: 14% of total operating income
The Industrial segment is 3M’s most important, followed by health care. Consumers in the U.S. are most familiar with 3M’s Consumer segment, which is actually its smallest segment. The consumer segment includes well known brands Filtrete, Command, and Post-It, among others.
Over the last decade, 3M has compounded earnings-per-share at around 7% a year. The company’s long-term growth goal is 8% to 11% earnings-per-share growth per year. The company plans to leverage its strengths (shown below) to achieve growth:
Source: 3M March 2016 Investor Presentation, slide 8
While dividends have grown within this range over the last decade, earnings-per-share have not. 3M plans to accomplish its aggressive growth goals through large research and development spending.
The company is targeting spending 6% of revenues – about $2 billion– on research and development each year. The company is targeting a 14% compound annual growth rate on international new product sales as a result of research and development spending.
3M is currently trading for price-to-earnings ratio of 23.1. The company’s price-to-earnings ratio is near 10 year highs, making now an inopportune time to start a position in 3M.
With that said, 3M is an extremely high quality business with a strong competitive advantage. The company makes an excellent long-term holding for dividend growth investors. Now is simply not the time to start a position in 3M. Read more 3M analysis on Sure Dividend here.
Dividend Yield: 1.1%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 12.5% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 11.9% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 53 years
Like 3M, Nordson is a diversified industrial manufacturer. The company was founded in 1954. Today, Nordson has a market cap of $5.2 billion. Nordson is more than 20 times smaller than 3M. Don’t let the company’s small size relative to other industry giants dissuade you – Nordson has realized fantastic 10 year total returns. The company has compounded shareholder wealth at over 16% a year over the last decade.
Nordson has achieved this growth while being highly diversified geographically, by market served, and by product type. The company has 3 operating segments: Adhesive Dispensing, Advanced Technology, and Industrial Coating.
The image below breaks down the company’s revenue sources by segment, geography, market served, and product type to show how well Nordson is diversified:
Nordson has a good chance to continue growing earnings-per-share in double digits. The company has several growth opportunities ahead. The largest growth driver for Nordson is continued gains in emerging markets. The company’s Adhesive Dispensing segment will benefit from the trend toward more packaged and processed foods and use of lightweight plastics.
Over the past decade, Nordson has spent about 50% of its cash flows on acquisitions. Bolt-on acquisitions have propelled top and bottom line growth for Nordson over the last decade. The company will very likely continue to acquire smaller manufacturers to grow.
The company currently has about $700 million in debt and generates $400 million per year in operating income. The company is not over leveraged currently and still has about $40 million in cash and significant borrowing capacity to fund further acquisitions.
Nordson is currently trading for a price-to-earnings ratio of 23.7. The company is likely trading a bit above fair value – even though it has better-than-average growth potential and a shareholder friendly management.
Nordson’s small size and growth prospects gives it potential for significantly more growth ahead. The company’s stock pays a below-average dividend yield of just 1.1% and the stock has higher-than-average volatility.
Still, investors with a long time horizon should consider Nordson for exposure to the diversified manufacturing industry. Investors searching for average-or-better current income should look elsewhere.
Northwest Natural Gas (NWN)
Dividend Yield: 3.1%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 5.9%
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 3.1%
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 60
Northwest Natural Gas has one of the longest consecutive streaks of dividend increases of any business, with 60 years and counting.
The company is a natural gas utility operating in Oregon and the southwest portion of Washington state. The company has over 700,000 customers and a market cap of $1.7 billion.
Northwest Natural Gas is not a rapidly growing business. The company has compounded dividends at just 3.1% a year over the last decade.
Earnings-per-share have grown even slower; just 0.7% a year on average over the last decade. Earnings-per-share have grown slower than inflation over the last decade…
Northwest Natural Gas’s slow growth is only part of the problem. The company is been a net issuer of shares since 2007. Northwest Natural Gas should not be issuing new shares when growth has been so sluggish.
On the positive side, Northwest Natural Gas does have a dividend yield of 3%.. The company’s dividend yield combined with its earnings-per-share growth rate of about 1% gives investors an expected return of somewhere around 4%.
The company’s extremely stable gas utility revenue makes Northwest Natural Gas a safe play. The company’s relatively low expected total return makes Northwest Natural Gas a low-risk-low-reward investment.
A company with low total return expectations should trade at a lower than average price-to-earnings ratio. Unfortunately, Northwest Natural Gas does not. The company is currently trading for a forward price-to-earnings ratio of 25.9, near 10 year highs.
Potential interest rate increases could cause Northwest Natural Gas’s price-to-earnings ratio to fall as its dividend yield becomes less attractive in a higher yielding environment.
Dividend Yield: 2.0%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 9.3% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 15.4% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 59 years
Parker is a diversified industrial goods manufacturer with a market cap of $16.5 billion. The company was founded in 1918 and has grown its dividend payments for 59 consecutive years; one of the longest active streaks of any business.
Parker’s long dividend streak is in danger of being broken. The company has not increased its dividend payments since November of 2014. If Parker does not increase its dividend in the 4th quarter of 2016, it will fall off of the Dividend Kings list.
Parker operates in 3 segments which cover 4 separate technology platforms. The image below breaks the company’s revenue down by both operating segment and technology platform:
Parker has managed to grow earnings-per-share at 8.8% a year over the last decade. The company’s growth comes in large part from bolt-on acquisitions. Parker has done more than 100 bolt-on acquisitions in the last decade.
The company has leading market share in the industrial motion and control manufacturing industries – and still controls only a tiny fraction of the diversified industry. This leaves the door open for more acquisitions in the future for Parker.
Parker is a good example of a high quality business trading for a fair price. The company currently has a forward price-to-earnings ratio of 16.7 and a dividend yield of 2.0%. .
The company is expected to grow earnings-per-share at 8% to 10% a year going forward. Parker’s expected earnings-per-share growth combined with its dividend yield of 2.0% gives investors an expected total return of 10% or more a year going forward.
The company’s 10%+ total return potential combined with its reasonable price-to-earnings ratio make it a good choice for dividend growth investors looking for exposure to the industrial manufacturing industry, though dividend growth has been slow in recent years.
Procter & Gamble (PG)
Dividend Yield: 3.0%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 5.4% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 7.5% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 60 years
Procter & Gamble is the largest consumer goods conglomerate in the world based on the company’s market cap of over $235 billion. Procter & Gamble was founded in 1837. The duration of its success speaks to the power of the company’s brands and the very slow rate of change in the branded consumer products industry.
Procter & Gamble has a diverse portfolio of well known branded consumer products, including: Crest, Tide, Pampers, Head & Shoulders, and Gillette, among many others.
Procter & Gamble has not lived up to expectations over the last decade. Earnings-per-share have grown at under 6% a year over that time frame. The company’s slow growth was due to losing focus on any one particular brand by over-diversifying the companies’ product portfolio.
Procter & Gamble is taking steps to return focus to its core brands. The company has shed a great deal of its non-core brands. This better focuses the company’s large advertising dollars over fewer, stronger brands.
Divestitures will help streamline Procter & Gamble’s operations, resulting in higher margins. But despite its greater focus, Procter & Gamble has not realized rapid growth in 2016. The company is expecting constant currency & adjusted earnings-per-share growth of 4% to 6% in fiscal 2016.
If this level of growth persists, investors in Procter & Gamble can expect total returns of between 7% and 9% a year going forward. Returns will come from:
- ~3% dividend yield
- 4% to 6% expected earnings-per-share growth rate
Procter & Gamble currently trades for a price-to-earnings ratio of 25.3. Procter & Gamble is likely overvalued at current prices. There’s no doubt Procter & Gamble is a high quality business and a long-term hold. Read more P&G analysis on Sure Dividend here.
Dividend Yield: 3.2%
10 Year Total Return CAGR: 9.6% per year
10 Year Dividend Growth Rate: 2.7% per year
Consecutive Dividend Increases: 56 years
Vectren is primarily a gas and electric utility operating in Indiana and Ohio. In addition to its gas and electric utilities business, Vectren also does pipeline construction, performance contracting, and sustainable infrastructure projects. Vectren generates 80% of its revenue from its utility business with 55% of utility revenue coming from electric utilities, and 45% from gas utilities.
Over the last decade, Vectren has grown dividends at 2.7% a year and earnings-per-share at just 1.2% a year. Management is much more optimistic about the company’s future than the past would indicate is prudent. Management believes they can grow utility earnings-per-share at 4% to 6% a year and non-utility earnings at 12% to 15% a year. The company believes it can generate total returns of 8.5% to 10.5% a year for shareholders over the next several years from dividends (~3%) and earnings-per-share growth (5.5% to 7.5%).
Vectren currently trades for a price-to-earnings ratio of 22.1. Vectren stock appears priced for management’s excellent projections, not what the company has actually done over the last decade. If management’s plans don’t go exactly as expected, the company will likely see its price-to-earnings ratio fall.
The potential for rising interest rates could hurt Vectren. When interest rates rise, long-term bonds and businesses with little growth that pay high dividends – like Vectren’s utility segment – see their value decline.
Value declines as interest rates rise because investors have access to higher yielding securities than before which drives down demand for utility-like businesses.
Images are from the investor relations sites of the company’s above. The investor relations sites used are listed below, along with other sources used for this article.