EIA Inventory Report

The EIA Petroleum Report came out today and the report was pretty bearish. Much worse than the API Report released the night before. Of course, Oil was up on the report, in fact had a robust day at the close as the shorts got squeezed. This is nothing new for the market, almost every Wednesday or EIA Report day ends in the green, especially the Bearish ones, this goes back a long way in oil trading folklore. So much so that a funny joke amongst oil traders is “Crude Oil finished up $2 on the day, must have been a bearish inventory report!”

Year ago Most recent
  03/21/14 03/20/15 03/13/15 03/06/15 02/27/15 02/20/15 02/13/15 02/06/15
U.S. 382.5 466.7 458.5 448.9 444.4 434.1 425.6 417.9
East Coast (PADD 1) 9.2 15.8 16.5 16.2 16.6 17.0 15.3 12.2
Midwest (PADD 2) 98.4 142.7 138.0 134.9 133.3 130.0 128.1 124.1
Cushing, Oklahoma 28.5 56.3 54.4 51.5 49.2 48.7 46.3 42.6
Gulf Coast (PADD 3) 200.3 227.2 225.7 222.4 219.9 214.5 210.2 208.2
Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) 21.4 22.4 21.5 20.8 20.6 20.7 20.8 20.7
West Coast (PADD 5) 53.1 58.5 56.9 54.5 54.0 51.9 51.3 52.7

 

Almost all the 8 million build is centered on the Midwest to Cushing to the Gulf Coast refinery corridor route which is even more bearish as all 3 storage outlets are building together. There is so much oversupply in the market that they cannot even make one energy hub appear better by moving the oil from one storage hub to the next a la the massive pipeline initiatives from Cushing to the Gulf Coast Region. Just look at the year ago numbers, the already bloated Gulf Coast Region added another 27 million barrels to storage from this time last year. Cushing has added almost 28 million barrels to storage in a year, and the Midwest has added an astounding 44 million barrels to storage in a year. Moreover, we are still in the middle of the building season, as I have seen years where we build right through May and a couple weeks in June putting in higher and higher overall oil inventories. This year better be a short building season, or the rails are going to come off the oil market rather quickly over the next couple of months.

US Oil Production

In regards to the production side of the equation we had another higher high in the Production Trend:

Year ago Four-week averages Year ago Week ending
  03/21/14 03/20/15 03/13/15 03/06/15 03/21/14 03/20/15 03/13/15 03/06/15
U.S. production 8.166 9.383 9.349 9.314 8.190 9.422 9.419 9.366

 
We produced 9.42 million barrels per day versus 9.41 the prior week and up 1.23 million barrels per day versus this time last year. No wonder we keep having these large upside inventory builds each week. This illustrates that the Rig Count Number is highly misleading, what matters is the Overall Well Count Number. Producers can bring additional wells online to the existing Rigs in operation while cutting less efficient Rigs from the equation, and the total wells producing oil can actually go up while the overall rig count numbers are coming down. The result lends itself to higher production output numbers each week.
Oil Imports

Year ago Four-week averages Year ago Week ending
  03/21/14 03/20/15 03/13/15 03/06/15 03/21/14 03/20/15 03/13/15 03/06/15
Crude oil, excluding SPR 7.337 7.262 7.234 7.136 7.617 7.392 7.496 6.793
Oil imports used to come down on a one to one basis as the domestic production increased but this correlation has come off the past year as imports have discovered a floor and continue to stay around these levels. As 7.39 versus 7.61 million barrels a day for a week isn`t going to offset the increased US Production gains year over year. Part of this is that certain refineries are set up in this country for Brent Oil, and they aren`t changing anytime soon because of the costs involved. So the baseline Brent comes to the US, the US Production keeps growing, and although the US exports refined product to reduce some of the North American Production, there just isn`t that level of demand to alter the supply demand imbalance in the market. There is just too much supply and not enough outlets via domestic demand, dwindling storage space, or export possibilities via products that changes this oversupply market dynamic.
Numbers, Assumptions & Capacity Constraints
The US has added almost 85 million barrels to storage facilities since January of 2015; that is an average of 7.67 million barrels of oil added to storage every week for the last 11 weeks, and it shows no sign of letting up anytime soon. So those who believe that there is plenty of storage available in the US need to start running the numbers. For example, on 09/26/2014 there was 356 million barrels in storage and now there is 466 million barrels as of 03/20/2015; that is an addition of 110 million barrels added to storage in roughly 6 months’ time. Furthermore, the trend of growing inventory builds is going the wrong direction for those thinking storage capacity isn`t an issue in the marketplace. What I mean by that is the builds are getting consistently bigger on average with each passing month. This last 8 weeks of inventory builds has really been unprecedented in the oil market, the run of consecutive large builds is unchartered territory for modern oil markets. Therefore all those storage capacity experts out there; what assumption are you building your model upon? Is it the last 12 months, 9 months, 6 months or 3 months from an inputs standpoint? If inventory builds stop this month that is one thing, but the ironic part of low oil prices means producers are finding more and more creative ways to pump more product to make up for lost revenue.
Unchartered Territory when everyone needs more Cash to Pay Existing Obligations
In short they need the cash to pay bills, who is to say that we don`t have inventory builds until the oil market finally crashes and production is forced offline? We really don`t know how this will all play out as this is unchartered territory in the modern era of oil markets. Even when prices were high oil inventories were well above their five year averages, so we are already at a poor structural starting point for a bear market in oil and the storage capacity issues that go along with this environment. I would say that if we have inventory builds from this point forward just based upon looking at the prior year`s additions in oil builds we have the following guideposts: In 2014 we continued to add to inventories through May 09, 2014, we added to oil inventories through May 24th for 2013, and builds continued through June 22nd for 2012. At this pace of builds things should get interesting in regards to storage capacity, and the economic decisions revolving around this logistical constraint. And if low prices throw a new dynamic in the market as yet un-factored into many pre-existing models in this modern era of high oil prices, the builds could possibly be much bigger on average compared with the previous three years from this point forward, and they may continue for much longer than usual.
500 Million Barrels Outside of SPR in Storage?
Another alternative scenario is that they just flat line through the drawing season, setting the stage for a fall collapse in oil prices if US production doesn`t come in substantially for the next inventory building season starting the latter part of this year. My point is it all depends on what the input numbers end up being, and nobody with a high degree of certainty has a good handle on these input assumptions, as we really are in

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