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Major Fraud And Embezzlement At Vimicro International Corporation (VIMC): Trinity Research

Trinity Research is out with a new report alleging fraud at Vimicro International Corporation (NASDAQ:VIMC)

Trinity states that management has embezzled over $600 million from the company and what remains of the company is worthless for US shareholders.

Trinity goes on to state that management has falsified the company’s financials in order to inflate the share price while it has been dumping shares.
The obvious share dumping by management has been the subject of numerous other reports including from Bleeker Street Research and The Streetsweeper.
Trinity also states that the Chairman of ViMicro is now under investigation as part of a corruption scandal in China.

Summary

  • Over the past four years, assets worth over $600 million (4x the market cap of VIMC) we believe were embezzled from VIMC into privately held related parties controlled by VIMC’s co-founders.
  • After looting VIMC of all its intrinsic value, insiders further enriched themselves by falsifying VIMC’s financials and issuing numerous press releases to pump and dump the worthless US-listed shares.
  • Consequently, VIMC’s US investors unwittingly hold shares of a worthless company, with no legal recourse to claim what we believe was embezzled from them since it is now privately owned in China.
  • US investors will never recover what is rightfully theirs, but justice may be served as the family of VIMC’s chairman is being investigated in a famous case of government graft.
  • We believe Shen, who is close to VIMC’s chairman, was one of several government sugar daddies used to illegally obtain valuable assets from the government to transfer to the co-founders.

A PDF copy of this report can be downloaded here.

1. Introduction

It is no secret that corruption runs rampant within the Chinese government, where many senior officials have historically used their positions of power to enrich themselves and their cronies at the expense of the Chinese populace. One of the hallmarks of PRC President Xi Jingping’s first two years in office is a solemn campaign to crack down on the highest levels of this corruption. Even senior government officials have not been immune to this crackdown, as evidenced by the recent investigation of Zhou Yongkang [1]. Many companies affiliated with corrupt government officials have lost much of their value as anti-graft investigations reveal the use of such companies as vehicles for embezzlement, bribery and financial fraud.

In this report, we unveil how insiders of Chinese video semiconductor and surveillance camera manufacturer Vimicro International Corporation (“VIMC”), led by co-founders Deng Shonghan and Jin Zhaowei (the “Co-Founders”), systematically gutted over $600 million worth of government funding, government-granted real estate assets, and proceeds from commercial government contracts from the Nasdaq-listed VIMC for personal gain. We believe much of this value was derived by bribing government officials such as recently sacked Shen Weichen, former Party Secretary of China’s Association for Science and Technology. Deng, VIMC’s Chairman, is among the numerous businessmen implicated in the bribery and general corruption charges that resulted in Shen’s sudden ousting.

The premeditation and callousness with which VIMC’s Co-Founders built a company to serve as a vehicle for their exclusive enrichment makes VIMC the worst case of what, to us, is clearly embezzlement (from both their company and the government) we have ever found.

We discuss our findings in the following sections:

  1. The Government Giveth. We discuss how the Co-Founders used their government connections to obtain hundreds of millions of dollars in valuable assets for VIMC.
  2. Insiders Taketh Away. We examine the privately held vehicles used to transfer VIMC’s assets to the Co-Founders. We reveal how the Co-Founders proceeded to loot VIMC of all its worth, transferring to themselves at nominal cost VIMC’s only profitable business, its valuable real estate assets, and much of the cash over a three-year period. Accounting red flags were raised many times throughout the transfer of value to the co-Founders of the past few years, but the management team was able to cover them up by firing CFOs and auditors who posed a threat to their accounting trickery.
  3. Pump and Dump. Not content with their enormous personal gains, the Co-Founders then used a clever scheme involving related parties to maintain the appearance of VIMC as a valuable going concern, pumping its shares with inaccurate press releases and overstated financial reports. Predictably, they have been dumping their shares aggressively as duped US investors buy the pump.

2. The Government Giveth

Government Corruption in the Chinese Technology Sector

Having declared the technology sector a key investment area for the growth of the Chinese economy, the government has invested hundreds of billions of dollars (trillions of RMB) over the past two decades to support domestic entrepreneurship, research and development in the sector. This government support, which is allocated through several regional and national government bodies managed by a select few, often takes the form of tax breaks and grants of funding, land for commercial use or commercial contracts with the government.

As is typical within the Chinese political system, when that much responsibility and capital is left at the hands of an unmonitored few, the results are predictably corrupt. As reported on October 31, 2013 by China Youth Daily [2] investigations by China’s Ministry of Science and Technology into the allocation of RMB 2.42 trillion from 2006 to 2012 revealed “shocking corruption” that has triggered a revamping of the way the government monitors its research spending. It turns out the vast majority of research funding ultimately went not to the intended projects, but to corrupt cronies and accomplices of the government officials issuing the grants. The article reviews cases of bribery, embezzlement, accounting fraud to cover up missing funds, secret expense accounts to fund everything from everyday expenses such as meals to cars, and more.

(Source: China Youth Daily)

Shanxi, a Hotbed of Political Corruption

Shanxi, a province located in China’s Northern region, is the country’s most infamous area for political corruption. Shanxi was one of the areas targeted by President Xi’s anti-corruption crackdown, especially this year. As noted on Wikipedia:

Since Xi Jinping’s ascendancy to power at the 18th Party Congress, numerous highly ranked officials in Shanxi have been placed under investigation for corruption-related offenses, including four members of the province’s highest ruling council, the provincial Communist Party Standing Committee… They were all removed from office around August 2014… Shanxi was therefore the ‘hardest hit’ province during the anti-corruption campaign of 2013-2014. Targeted corruption investigations on such a massive scale was unprecedented; it amounted to a wholesale ‘cleansing’ of Shanxi’s political establishment.

And the news about Shanxi’s widespread corruption keeps flowing. Last week, China.org.cn reported about some of the very recent political cleansing in Shanxi[3] and this week, Caixin Online[4] reported the highest-profile case yet about corrupt tie-ups between government officials and companies that bribe them for all types of illicit political favors. This was not an isolated case, as Caixin reports: “a string of corrupt officials and former government employees have been uncovered recently.”

One of VIMC’s Government Sugar Daddies Sacked

Several Chinese media outlets reported earlier this year that Shen Weichen, a long-standing senior official in Shanxi who held various government posts such as Mayor of Taiyuan City, Secretary of Taiyuan’s Municipal Party Committee, Secretary of Shanxi’s Provincial Party Committee, and Party Secretary and then Vice Chairman