What follow are a timeline and a list of facts about the Tamarod (Rebel) campaign that collected about 13 million petitions of no-confidence votes and organized mass demonstrations at the end of June which led to the ouster of Islamist President Mohamed Morsi: (Also see Mohamed Morsi Protesters Threatened by Army After Violence)
Timeline and facts about the Tamarod (Rebel) brought about ouster of Mohamed Morsi
April 22: Tamarod launched its Facebook page, describing itself as “a campaign to collect signatures from the Egyptian people to withdraw confident from [President] Mohamed Morsi and work toward early presidential elections.”
“We must rebel after what the country has come to from noticeable deterioration on the economic level and in terms of political conditions after Muslim Brotherhood started ruling the country… it is as if no revolution was ever awakened.”
April 26: Tamarod announces its launching in Cairo’s Tahrir Square by three young activists in their twenties.
May 10: Tamarod’s spokesman, Mahmoud Badr, says that the campaign has so far collected more than one million signatures calling for a no-confidence vote against the democratically elected president.
May 14: Al-Masryeen Al-Ahrrar party announced its support for the campaign.
May 15: The Salafi (ultraconservative) Nour Party - the party that one the second largest number of seats in last year’s parliament – says that the signatures collected by the campaign is against law and are unconstitutional and describes the campaign’s efforts as a “waste of time.”
May 16: The Wafd Party announced its endorsement for Tamarod and opened its headquarters for the campaign to assist in the collection of signatures.
May 16: Defeated presidential candidate and former Prime Minister Ahmed Shafiq says that he appreciates the campaign against Mohamed Morsi which Tamarod welcomed, saying, “We wish to reach every Egyptian, so that we are all one hand, against Mohamed Morsi’s oppressive regime and [the Muslim Brotherhood’s] guidance office.”
May 19: The head of the Tagamoa Party announced that his party has also decided to open its headquarters in all governorates for the campaign.
May 26: Tamarod launches its website: www.tamarod.com and uploaded its application on it in four different languages: Arabic, English, French and German.
May 26: Former Foreign Minister and presidential candidate Amr Moussa also supports the campaign in their call for early elections, saying, “This is a legitimate call… and we support it,” and describing the campaign against Mohamed Morsi as a political movement that works in a democratic framework.
May 29: The campaign against Mohamed Morsi said it collected over seven million petitions.
June 1: Islamists announce an anti-campaign under the name “Tagarod” to reaffirm their confidence in Mohamed Morsi.
June 3: A number of non-governmental organizations issued a statement expressing their concerns over what it described as a “media campaign and increasing legal challenges directed at Tamarod members.” It considered the prosecution’s dealing with these lawsuits a political move against opponents of the Muslim Brotherhood and its Freedom and Justice Party.
June 7: Unknown assailants torch the FJP’s headquarters in Cairo, using Molotov cocktails.
June 8: A poll shows that 59 percent of Egyptians know of the Tamarod campaign and 0 percent of them agree on signing it or have already signed it.
June 8: Presidential candidate Hamdeen Sabahi, the founder of the Popular Current, signed the campaign and announced that he and other members will join the efforts to collect petitions and join demonstrations on June 30 called by the campaign.
June 9: The general coordinator of the National Salvation Front, Mohamed ElBaradei, called on Egyptian to sign the petition, saying “failed, oppressive system killing the revolution’s spirit… I call on all Egyptians to sign the Tamarod petition to bring back our revolution.”
June 10: Tens of supporters of former President Hosni Mubarak began collecting petitions in front of the police academy during Mubarak’s retrial.
June 20: Tamarod Spokesman Mahmoud Badr says on the campaign’s Facebook page that they have so far collected about 15 million signatures.
June 23: Fouad Badrawy, general secretary of the Wafd Party, announces that he submitted about 900,000 Tamarod petitions that his party collected.
June 24: Islamist parties and movements, including the Muslim Brotherhood and al-Gamaa al-Islamiya call for a million-man march in Rabaa.
June 25: Tamarod sends Mohamed Morsi a message it described as the last warning. “In the name of more than 15 million Egyptians who signed the campaign’s petition and who reject your rule … We urge you to voluntarily leave,” a Tamarod statement said.
June 26: Tamarod founders form the June 30 Front, which calls on Mohamed Morsi to transfer his powers to a prime minister who is a political national figure representing the revolution. According to the front, the supreme constitutional court head will be the acting interim president while all executive powers will be handed over to the prime minister. The front’s demands include suspending the 2012 constitution, dissolving the Shura Council, and forming a committee of law experts to draft a new constitution and put it to a referendum.
June 29: Tamarod announces it collected 22, 134, 465 petitions for a no-confidence vote against Mohamed Morsi and for holding early presidential elections. The campaign said, “In the name of millions who signed, Mohamed Morsi Eissa al-Ayyat is no longer the Arab Republic of Egypt’s legitimate president.” The campaign calls on the general assembly of the Egyptian people to convene on June 30 in front of the Ittihadeya presidential palace in Cairo as well as in Tahrir Square and squares all over Egypt to withdraw confidence from Mohamed Morsi and hand power over to the constitutional court head.
- June 30: Tamarod brings its signed petitions to the Ittihadeya palace. Ten trucks transport the boxes that contained the petitions. Human chains are formed around the trucks to protect the boxes.
- June 30: In the evening, the campaign issues what it called the first statement of the revolution, asking the army, the police and the judiciary to openly side with the people’s will represented in the rallying of the Egyptian people’s general assembly at the presidential palace, in Tahrir and in other squares in various governorates. The campaign said it is no longer possible to accept any compromise and there is no substitute for ending the Muslim Brotherhood’s rule peacefully.
- July 1: Tamarod says, “Mohamed Morsi Eissa al-Ayyat is no longer the Arab Republic of Egypt’s legitimate president.”
- July 3: A campaign representative addresses the nation alongside Azhar Sheikh Ahmed al-Tayeb, Pope Tawadros II, National Salvation Front coordinator Mohamed ElBaradei, Salafi Nour Party Secretary-General Galal Morra, and army representatives to publicize the future roadmap which army chief Abdel Fattah al-Sisi announced earlier.
- July 14: Campaign spokesman Mahmoud Badr rejects an invitation from the United States embassy to Egypt for talks with the U.S. Deputy Secretary of State William Burns. Badr says he rejects the invitation completely, adding that he refuses American intervention in Egypt’s affairs.
- July 18: Tamarod and June 30 Front