Reading International, Inc. (NASDAQ:RDI) (NASDAQ:RDIB) recent encounter with a few weak movie offerings and short-lived foreign currency headwinds provides an inexpensive entry point for investment into this under-followed movie theater operator/owner and real estate developer. Temporary factors modestly weakened the June Q2 2012 operating results of Reading, a small-cap company with $250MM of LTM revenue, and contributed to price weakness from mid-June to mid-August in RDI shares. An August 13, 2012, Barron’s article, entitled “Popcorn and Property” [found here if free access is still operable] reversed this price weakness but only to the levels where the stock traded in mid-June before Reading International, Inc. (NASDAQ:RDI) (NASDAQ:RDIB) shares were added into the Russell 2000 Index.
Despite the company’s fairly consistent delivery of operating performance and its large cinema market shares in Australia (#4), New Zealand (#3) and the United States (#11), Reading International lacks research coverage from any sell-side entertainment, consumer non-durable, or real estate industry analyst. Now, with RDI trading in and out of index funds daily, and having captured its first real media attention, a more liquid window to trade into these under-valued shares has been created. In a virtuous cycle, the improved trading liquidity may also attract incremental investment following and a higher valuation.
Reading International, Inc. (NASDAQ:RDI) trades at a substantial discount to the company’s intrinsic value and at a discount to book value/share, unlike any of the three larger US publicly-traded theater exhibitors, Regal Entertainment Group (NYSE:RGC), Cinemark Holdings, Inc. (NYSE:CNK) and Carmike Cinemas, Inc. (NASDAQ:CKEC). As Reading continues to grow its sustainable cash flows and builds and unlocks appreciated value in its geographically diversified real estate holdings, investors will eventually narrow the “value gap” that presently exists in RDI shares.
The first place to begin analyzing and seeing the enormous hard asset value embedded in Reading International’s balance sheet is the company’s elaborate 2012 Annual Meeting slide presentation, filed as a May 23, 2012, 8-K exhibit here. The presentation illustrates, with charts, tables, and a ton of pictures, that Reading is loaded with hard assets, not just in the United States (see also p.42 for additional detail of major US assets) but also in Australia (see also p.29 for additional detail of major Aus assets) and New Zealand (see also p.17 for additional detail of major NZ assets.) In addition, this past Just One Stock interview and my other Seeking Alpha articles on Reading will provide readers historical background on the company and a road map on the progress of its many cinema and real estate projects.
Movie Industry Prospects Improve After A Weak And Tragic Period
According to Box Office Mojo, Domestic Q2 2012 total movie grosses were down 1.2% from prior year, despite “The Avengers” breaking several summer and opening box office records here and abroad. Q3-to-date has also been weak, first, from theater security concerns after the Aurora, Colorado cinema shootings, followed by weaker offerings put out by studios during the Summer Olympics.
After this weekend’s closing of the Summer Olympics, the movie release schedule for the remainder of 2012 contains several well known ‘franchise’ blockbusters and a number of 3D movies, including the just opened “The Bourne Legacy,” “Argo,” “Les Miserables,” “The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey,” “The Great Gatsby,” “Django Unchained,” “Lincoln,” and the next installments in the James Bond series, “Skyfall,” and the finale in the Twilight series, “Breaking Dawn Part 2.”
Operating Performance Remains Up YTD Despite Weak Q2
Reading’s most recent June Q2 2012 10-Q can be found here and certain salient findings of this quarter’s filing are discussed, below.
While six-months ended June 2012 operating results remain up y/y, Reading’s Q2 revenues, operating income and adjusted operating EBITDA (Op Income + Dptn/Amort) were all down y/y vs. a strong 2011.
Modest declines in both attendance and average ticket prices at many of Reading’s cinema chains and a stronger US dollar in Reading’s Australian and New Zealand markets were the primary factors impacting Q2 operating results and shifts in net book value. Cinema segment margin declines vs. prior year were impacted from negative operating leverage from lower attendance yields in theaters and accompanying decreased high margin concessions. These figures were modestly offset by improvements in New Zealand cinema revenues helped by the reopening of a major New Zealand multiplex closed from earthquake damage.
Continued growth in Q2 of the Real Estate segment partially offset the Cinema segment weakness. Y/y increases resulted from improved live theater revenue in the US and higher rents and occupancy in Australia and New Zealand, offset by currency weakness in those same foreign markets.
Q2’s Net Income of $0.2MM was substantially lower than prior year as 2011’s Q2 pre-tax income included a large one-time $13.8MM tax benefit from reducing some of Reading’s huge tax NOL valuation reserves and a non-recurring $1.7MM gain from the sale of an Australian cinema.
Reading finished the June quarter with lower debt and substantial liquidity. As of June 30, 2012, Reading had cash and marketable securities of $33.1MM. Debt, net of this cash, was $170.5MM, $15.2MM lower than prior year. Reading also has a combined $24.8MM of undrawn availability on its several lines of credit.
Q2 2012 Disclosures Of Note
Extended debt maturities and lower rates on debt – During Q2, the interest rate on Reading’s $27.9MM of Trust Preferred Securities (classified as Subordinated Debt due 2027) dropped a sizable 4.75%, from a fixed rate of 9.22%, which was in effect for the past five years, to a variable rate of three-month LIBOR plus 4.00%. The new rate is 4.47% and resets each quarter.
At the end of the quarter, Reading’s Sutton Hill Properties, LLC, subsidiary, which owns the Cinemas 1,2 & 3 land and building on Third Avenue in New York City, successfully refinanced its $15MM loan at an interest rate 1.48% lower than the matured loan. Consistent with Reading’s goal of monetizing this asset, the loan has no prepayment penalty after 6 months and only a small cost if prepaid before then.
Additional real estate sales progress – In Q1, Reading sold its 1.1 acres of undeveloped land in the Taringa suburb of Brisbane, Australia. After the close of this recent Q2, Reading has now entered into an agreement to sell its Lake Taupo, NZ property for a gain.
New 8-plex opening at Mosiac – A new 8-plex, the Angelika Film Center at Mosiac, in the Virginia suburbs of Washington, DC, opens next month at the end of September.
Reading’s Hard Asset Balance Sheet – More Compelling Than Peers
With a Book Value of $5.43/share, Reading’s current Price/Book value of 1X remains cheaper than all of its public cinema peers. In addition, the table, updated below for Q2 results and Carmike’s secondary stock issuance, illustrates that Reading’s Net Debt to Total Assets % remains amongst the industry’s most conservative. In fact, as of June 30, 2012, Regal has